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World War 1 and its aftermath
Terms in this set (35)
a member of a small independent group taking part in irregular fighting, typically against larger regular forces.
goods that have been imported or exported illegally
the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
cost of living
the level of prices relating to a range of everyday items
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts
a German submarine used in World War I or World War II.
a group of ships or vehicles traveling together, typically accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection.
a strike of workers in all or most industries
the process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government.
compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces
an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
expel (a foreigner) from a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime.
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
a vegetable garden, especially a home garden, planted to increase food production during a war
the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged.
a secret criminal and terrorist society in New York during the early 20th century.
a secret criminal society similar to Black Hand.
A Liberty Bond was a war bond that was sold in the United States to support the allied cause in World War I. Subscribing to the bonds became a symbol of patriotic duty in the United States and introduced the idea of financial securities to many citizens for the first time.
Describe two events that pushed the united states toward entering WWI 1.)
The Zimmermann Telegram was a coded message sent from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to Germany's ambassador in Mexico, Heinrich von Eckhardt, in January 1917. The British managed to intercept this coded message and were able to decipher it. .Within this secret message, Zimmermann revealed Germany's plan to restart unrestricted submarine warfare as well as offered Mexico territory from the
United States if Mexico were to declare war on the United States.
.When the British shared the contents of the Zimmermann Telegram with the United States, the American public was outraged.
2.) The sinking of the Lusitania
On May 7, 1915, the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania, which primarily ferried people and goods across the Atlantic Ocean between the United States and Great Britain, was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sunk. Of the 1,959 people on board, 1,198 died, including 128 Americans.
The role of woman in WWI
A.) Replaced men in factories. Making weapons and supplies. B.) Became military nurses or joined special branches of the armed forces. C.) proved their abilities in areas once limited to men.
new weaponry of WWI
Machine guns, Zeppelin, Tank, Planes, Torpedoes,
Russia's withdrawal from WWI
When war broke out, Russia was a country filled with political tensions, but peasants and workers rallied to the call to defend Mother Russia. The Russian army's advance stopped the German's plan for a swift victory by forcing the Germans to deploy troops on the eastern front. However, the Russians lost at least 250,000 men in 1914 and by the following year, the German army forced a partial retreat. Although the Russian army had a number of successes in 1916, the war created food shortages and a loss of work on the home front, leading to unrest.
the formation of the FBI
The FBI originated from a force of Special Agents created in 1908 by Attorney General Charles Bonaparte during the Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt
Hoovers role in WWI
Herbert Clark Hoover was the 31st President of the United States. He was a professional mining engineer, and was raised as a Quaker. A Republican, Hoover served as head of the U.S. Food Administration during World War I, and became internationally known for humanitarian relief efforts in war-time Belgium.
The selective service act
The Selective Service Act of 1917 (P.L. 65-12, 40 Stat. 76) was the first act mandating American military service since the Civil War.
The Triple Alliance
The Triple Alliance was a military alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, opposing the Triple Entente between Britain, France, and Russia. It lasted from 20 May 1882 until World War I in 1914. Each member promised mutual support in the event of an attack by any other great power, or, in the case of Germany and Italy, an attack by France alone.
The great migration
The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970. Some historians differentiate between the first Great Migration (1910-1930), numbering about 1.6 million migrants who left mostly rural areas to migrate to northern industrial cities; and, after a lull during the Great Depression, a Second Great Migration (1940-1970), in which 5 million or more people moved from the South,
The soviet's COMINTERN
international communist organization that advocated world communism. The International intended to fight "by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the State."
The "big Four" and Wilson fourteen points
The "Fourteen Points" was a statement given on January 8, 1918 by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe. Europeans generally welcomed Wilson's intervention, but his main Allied colleagues (Georges Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd George of the United Kingdom, and Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy) were skeptical of the applicability of Wilsonian idealism.
The Triple Entente and its members.
•The Triple Entente was an agreement signed between Great Britain, France and Russia.
American efforts on the homefront
The home front of the United States in World War I saw a systematic mobilization of the entire population and the entire economy to produce the soldiers, food supplies, munitions and money needed to win the war.
The world's first global conflict, the "Great War" pitted the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire against the Allied forces of Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy and Japan. The introduction of modern technology to warfare resulted in unprecedented carnage and destruction, with more than 9 million soldiers killed by the end of the war in November 1918.
Schenck v. United States,
Schenck v. United States, 249 U.S. 47, is a United States Supreme Court decision concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I. A unanimous Supreme Court, in a famous opinion by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., concluded that defendants who distributed leaflets to draft-age men, urging resistance to induction, could be convicted of an attempt to obstruct the draft, a criminal offense.
Marshal Ferdinand Foch, was a French soldier, military theorist and the Allied Généralissime during the First World War. At the outbreak of war in August 1914, Foch's XX Corps participated in the brief invasion of Germany before retiring in the face of a German counter-attack and successfully blocking the Germans short of Nancy.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, alias Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as head of government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917, and of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death.
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