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ss chapter 4 test
Terms in this set (30)
(n.) an inheritance; a birthright
A governmental body primarily responsible for the making of laws.
A document that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area
Absolute power that is often cruel
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments, which include life, liberty, and property. The concept of natural rights was central to English philosopher John Locke's theories about government and was widely accepted among America's Founders.
separation of power
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Established in 1587. Called the Lost Colony. It was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. It was for economic gain. All the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them.
Virginia Company of London founded Jamestown. Jamestown was founded to be the first permanent British settlement in North America. It was set up for economic gain. It was successful, but times were cold and there was starvation.
Elected Representatives to a lawmaking body in the English colonies
house of burgesses
the first democratically-elected legislative body in the British American colonies in Jamestown, Virginia
1620 settlers arrived here and made a new settlement, the people sought religious independence and to govern themselves. Organized their own self-government before leaving boat through the Mayflower Compact.
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
why did the colonies have the freedom to govern themselves?
The government had the freedom to govern themselves because England was to busy fighting wars.
What was citizenship like in the colonies?
Could vote or participate in gov if free man, women & slaves no vote.
What freedoms were important to colonies?
Fought for the Freedom of all forms of Christianity. He was kicked out of Massachusetts and set up the colony of Rhode Island.
John Peter Zenger-
In 1733, Zenger began printing The New York Weekly Journal, in which he voiced opinions critical of the colonial governor, William Cosby. On November 17, 1734, On Cosby's orders, the sheriff arrested Zenger. He was proven innocent.
Why did royal governors activities anger colonists?
Many Acts imposed by the Royal Governors angered colonists due, primarily, to being very unjust. On such was the Quartering Act forced colonists to offer their homes to soldiers if barracks were full. The Royal Governors were disregarding the colonist's rights. They felt they were being mistreated.
Influence of Athens Greece
direct democracy, citizens met at town meetings
influence of Rome
republic, citizens elected representatives
influence of Magna Carta
'Great Charter' guaranteed nobility rights e.g. trial by jury, due process of law, protections against taking of life, liberty, property
influence of English Bill of Rights
By 1726 the English had passed the Bill of Rights that forced the king to share his power. Gave citizens more rights and powers.
influence of John Locke
contributed idea that government is to protect citizen rights. Life, Liberty and Property
influence of Montesquieu
separation of powers
a written agreement to follow the rules of a group for their well being
Social Studies Questions
Use Page 103-104 in text as review.
-A Legislature made the laws in each colony.
-The English monarch granted each colony a Charter. -Separation of Powers ensured that no branch of the government would become to strong.
-The states hesitated to agree to the Articles of the Confederation because they feared the Tyranny of a central government.
- The Declaration of Independence stressed the importance of an individual's natural rights.
-the Republic of ancient Rome provided one model of government for the Americans.
-In a Direct Democracy the people make the laws themselves.
-The success of the Mayflower Compact reminded the Americans that they needed an agreement to make laws for the welfare of the entire nation.
9a. Colonial citizens enjoyed greater freedoms than other citizens of other countries.
9b. Freedoms were important to the colonial citizens. Without basic freedoms, the colonists could not trust their government.
9c. Citizens can live productive lives without fear of oppression by government. Freedom of the press allows for citizens to be informed about their government.
10a. The nobles had gained enough power to force the king to sign the Magna Carta.
10b. It gave the noble rights, but it did no give rights to all citizens.
10c. The Magna Carta paved the way for a representative government, which in turn showed the people that they needed to claim their natural rights.
Wrote Common Sense in January 1776. Argued that Americans should revolt
against England. People accepted independence.
What are the four parts of the Declaration of Independence?
The four parts are the:
declaration of natural rights
list of grievances
resolution of Independence
what was the effect of the Declaration of Independence?
The D.O.I gave the citizens the idea of separation from England.
other things to know
Questions for Review: Pg. 94
-Athens had a Direct Democracy.
-In both Athenian and Roman governments, The people played an important role.
-Important things in the English Bill of Rights are Free speech in Parliament, No taxation without Parliament's approval, Trial by Jury, Petition of the government.
-The Magna Carta only applied to the nobles. The English Bill of Rights applied to all citizens
- Montesquieu contributed the idea of Separation of Powers of the Government into three branches (Legislative, Executive, and Judicial) and Checks and balances.
- Locke wanted to make sure people's rights were protected. Montesquieu wanted to keep one branch from becoming too strong and taking away people's rights.
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