Science Ch. 5 Section 1

Kinetic energy
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The amount of temperature change in a substance depends on...the amount of thermal energy absorbed the mass of the substance type of substanceabsolute zerotheoretical temperature at which all particle/atomic motion in matter would stopAbsolute zero is the lowest _______ on a ________ scaletemperature, kelvinthermal energythe sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of all the particles in an objectthermal energy in an object depends on...temperature of the object mass of the object type of material that composes the objecthow can thermal energy be transferred from one object/area to anotherconduction, convection, and radiationformula for change in thermal energyq=m(Tf-Ti)CHeatThe energy transferred between objects/areas due to different temperatures between those objects/areasHeat is described as the _____________movement of thermal energyHeat moves spontaneously through ________ to __________high, low temperaturesspecific heatThe amount of energy required to change the temperature of 1 Kg of a substance by 1 degree celciuswater has a very _____ specific heathigh (4,184 J/KgC)Iron has a very ______ specific heatlow (450 J/KgC)Specific heat can be referred to as _________ or just _____________specific heat capacity, heat capacitywhat can be used to determine specific heat of materialscalorimeterIf the bonds between atoms are stronger, it will require ________________more energy to heat up the substancecoolanta substance that can absorb a lot of thermal energy with little change in temperatureexample of a good coolantwaterThermal equilibriumwhen 2 or more areas or objects of different temperatures come in contact with one another, energy will always be transferred from on object with higher temperature to the object with lower temperature until both objects reach the same temperature.Calorieunit used to express energy or heatOne food calorie is equal to how many joules4,184 J1 calorie in physical science is equal to...4.184 Jwhat is 4.184 Jthe amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water and one degree of celcius