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based on research (C & B),

"coherent body of knowledge composed of research findings, tested theories, scientific principles, and laws for a discipline"
(Burns and Grove p. 548)

scientific discipline (Chitty & Black)

a branch of instruction or field of learning based on the study of a body of facts (research findings) about the physical or material world (C & B),

Branch of Science that is limited in scope to make science more manageable

______ without _______ may be empty but ______ without ______ is blind (immanuel Kant)

theory, practice, practice, theory

theory ( B & S)

a system of ideas that is presumed to explain a given phenomenon ... a major, very well-articulated idea about something important" (B & S 40)

theory (Chitty and Black)

a group of related concepts, definitions, and statements that describe a certain view of nursing phenomenon from which to describe, explain, or predict outcomes (Chinn & Cramer as cited in C & B)

theories represent tentative, abstract ideas rather than concrete, research supported facts (C & B)


identify the phenomena; present a set of beliefs, definitions & meanings of the phenomena; provide a broad general view

Conceptual Models/frameworks

identify the phenomena, related concepts, & relationships among concepts


identify the phenomena, related concepts, & relationships among concepts & propose outcomes

systems theory

The concepts of systems theory are integral to professional integral to professional nursing practice.


A profession has ....a special body of knowledge that is continually enlarged through research"


an awareness or perception of reality acquired through learning or investigation - what you know


knowing that is expressed in a form that can be shared or communicated with others...
.... knowledge represents what is collectively taken to be a reasonable accurate understanding of the world as it is understood by the members of the discipline

nursing research

...systematic, scientific inquiry into phenomena relevant to evidence-based nursing practice for the purpose of validating and developing knowledge for the profession


.... diligent, systematic inquire or study to validate and refine existing knowledge and develop new knowledge


a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are used to obtain info about the world


a systematic subjective approach used to describe life experiences and situation and give them meaning.


describes a lived experience (what it was like to be a ___)

grounded theory

describes , research to understand social structures and social processes; explains patterns of behavior of people in the study (ie.. why do young people drink and drive)


describes the culture or social group in hte study


used of the study of a phenomenon (especially language) as it changes through time

evidence based nursing practice (IOM)

"Care that integrates the best reseach with clinical expertise and patient values for optimum care' (IOM)

evidence based nursing practice (EKU)

the delivery of safe and effective patient-centered care across the lifespan

evidence based nursing practice (Burns & Grove)

promotes quality, cost effective outcomes for patients, families, healthcare providers, and the healthcare system.

descriptive theory

are the first level of theory development. They describe phenomena, speculate on why phenomena occur and describe consequences of phenomena.

prescriptive theory

addresses nursing interventions for phenomenon and predict the consequence of a specific nursing intervention

deductive reasoning

general to specific
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)

inductive reasoning

specific to general
deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals").

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