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27 terms

NSC 252 Exam 2 Definitions for nursing theory etc. powerpoint

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science
based on research (C & B),

"coherent body of knowledge composed of research findings, tested theories, scientific principles, and laws for a discipline"
(Burns and Grove p. 548)
scientific discipline (Chitty & Black)
a branch of instruction or field of learning based on the study of a body of facts (research findings) about the physical or material world (C & B),

Branch of Science that is limited in scope to make science more manageable
______ without _______ may be empty but ______ without ______ is blind (immanuel Kant)
theory, practice, practice, theory
theory ( B & S)
a system of ideas that is presumed to explain a given phenomenon ... a major, very well-articulated idea about something important" (B & S 40)
theory (Chitty and Black)
a group of related concepts, definitions, and statements that describe a certain view of nursing phenomenon from which to describe, explain, or predict outcomes (Chinn & Cramer as cited in C & B)

theories represent tentative, abstract ideas rather than concrete, research supported facts (C & B)
Philosophies
identify the phenomena; present a set of beliefs, definitions & meanings of the phenomena; provide a broad general view
Conceptual Models/frameworks
identify the phenomena, related concepts, & relationships among concepts
Theories
identify the phenomena, related concepts, & relationships among concepts & propose outcomes
systems theory
The concepts of systems theory are integral to professional integral to professional nursing practice.
research
A profession has ....a special body of knowledge that is continually enlarged through research"
knowledge
an awareness or perception of reality acquired through learning or investigation - what you know
knowledge
knowing that is expressed in a form that can be shared or communicated with others...
.... knowledge represents what is collectively taken to be a reasonable accurate understanding of the world as it is understood by the members of the discipline
nursing research
...systematic, scientific inquiry into phenomena relevant to evidence-based nursing practice for the purpose of validating and developing knowledge for the profession
research
.... diligent, systematic inquire or study to validate and refine existing knowledge and develop new knowledge
quantitative
a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are used to obtain info about the world
qualitative
a systematic subjective approach used to describe life experiences and situation and give them meaning.
phenomenological
describes a lived experience (what it was like to be a ___)
grounded theory
describes , research to understand social structures and social processes; explains patterns of behavior of people in the study (ie.. why do young people drink and drive)
ethnographic
describes the culture or social group in hte study
historical
used of the study of a phenomenon (especially language) as it changes through time
evidence based nursing practice (IOM)
"Care that integrates the best reseach with clinical expertise and patient values for optimum care' (IOM)
evidence based nursing practice (EKU)
the delivery of safe and effective patient-centered care across the lifespan
evidence based nursing practice (Burns & Grove)
promotes quality, cost effective outcomes for patients, families, healthcare providers, and the healthcare system.
descriptive theory
are the first level of theory development. They describe phenomena, speculate on why phenomena occur and describe consequences of phenomena.
prescriptive theory
addresses nursing interventions for phenomenon and predict the consequence of a specific nursing intervention
deductive reasoning
general to specific
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
inductive reasoning
specific to general
deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals").