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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. phytoplankton
  2. photic zone
  3. deserts
  4. continental shelves
  5. doldrums
  1. a The driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).
  2. b Microscopic algae and cyanobacteria that carry out photosynthesis in the photic zone.
  3. c An area of calm or very light winds caused by moist air at the equator rising due to being heated by the direct rays of the sun.
  4. d Submerged parts of continents.
  5. e The depth of light penetration, a maximum of 200 meters, in the ocean.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A biome characterized by dense, spiny shrubs with tough evergreen leaves. The climate generally results from cool ocean currents circulating offshore which produce mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.
  2. The latitudes and the tropics and the Arctic Circle in the north and the Antarctic Circle in the south. They have seasonal variations in climate and more moderate temperatures than the tropics or polar zones.
  3. Major types of ecological associations that occupy broad geographic regions of land or water, influenced by abiotic factors.
  4. (Aka taiga) A biome found south of the Arctic Circle dominated by cone-bearing evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock. They have long, cold winters and short, wet summers, with considerable precipitation.
  5. River-like flow patterns in the oceans caused by the prevailing winds, the planet's rotation, unequal heating of surface waters, and the locations and shapes of the continents.

5 True/False questions

  1. estuaryThe biome located in the Arctic surrounding the North Pole and Alpine meadows, characterized by very long, cold, harsh winters and minuscule summers. Ground is covered in permafrost most of the year.


  2. westerliesThe driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).


  3. savannaA biome dominated by grasses and scattered trees with a year-round warm temperature. The soil is poor and there is a lack of moisture. Rainfall is is around 30-50 cm per year.


  4. temperate forests(Aka deciduous forests/broadleaf forests) Biomes in midlatitude regions where the moisture is sufficient enough to support the growth of large trees. Temperatures range from very cold in the winter to hot in the summer, with average rainfall around 75 to 150 cm.


  5. permafrostContinuously frozen subsoil.