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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. temperate grasslands
  2. tropics
  3. doldrums
  4. benthic realm
  5. coniferous forests
  1. a The seafloor.
  2. b The region surrounding the equator between latitudes 23.5 degrees north (the Tropic of Cancer) and 23.5 degrees south (the Tropic of Capricorn), which experiences the greatest annual input and the least seasonal variation in solar radiation.
  3. c An area of calm or very light winds caused by moist air at the equator rising due to being heated by the direct rays of the sun.
  4. d (Aka taiga) A biome found south of the Arctic Circle dominated by cone-bearing evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock. They have long, cold winters and short, wet summers, with considerable precipitation.
  5. e Treeless grasslands found in regions with relatively cold winters and average between 25 and 75 cm of rainfall a year.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The latitudes and the tropics and the Arctic Circle in the north and the Antarctic Circle in the south. They have seasonal variations in climate and more moderate temperatures than the tropics or polar zones.
  2. Major global air movements, resulting from the rising and falling of air masses and Earth's rotation.
  3. Microscopic algae and cyanobacteria that carry out photosynthesis in the photic zone.
  4. Submerged parts of continents.
  5. Major types of ecological associations that occupy broad geographic regions of land or water, influenced by abiotic factors.

5 True/False questions

  1. ocean currentsRiver-like flow patterns in the oceans caused by the prevailing winds, the planet's rotation, unequal heating of surface waters, and the locations and shapes of the continents.


  2. zooplanktonMicroscopic algae and cyanobacteria that carry out photosynthesis in the photic zone.


  3. desertificationThe driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).


  4. chaparralA biome dominated by grasses and scattered trees with a year-round warm temperature. The soil is poor and there is a lack of moisture. Rainfall is is around 30-50 cm per year.


  5. permafrostA biome that is transitional between an aquatic ecosystem and a terrestrial one.


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