chapter 18 sec 1,2,3,4

Here are some cards on The Progressive Movement and Women and the Progressives. There are 4 chapters in this quizlet and this is not a comprehensive set. You will need to use other sources to study the additional material and to review any related video content.
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Starting in the early 1800s and up until the ratification of the 19th amendment, women used which three strategies to obtain suffrage?
Moral Persuasion, State by State, Constitutional Amendment
prohibition
laws that would ban making or selling alcohol
Who is Susan B. Anthony?
Susan B. Anthony was an American social reformer who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17.
Who led the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) organization?
Frances Willard
suffrage
the right to vote
Who is Frances Willard?
Frances Willard was an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist. Her influence was instrumental in the passage of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.
Who is Lucretia Mott?
Lucretia Mott was an American Quaker, abolitionist, a women's rights activist, and a social reformer.
Who is Carry Nation?
Carrie Nation was an American woman who was a radical member of the temperance movement, which opposed alcohol before the advent of Prohibition.
Who is Carrie Chapman Catt?
Carrie Chapman Catt was an American women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920.
What was the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848?
This is the first major event where women gathered to discuss suffrage
What were the circumstances that preempted the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 to take place?
There was an anti-slavery convention in London, and women were denied seats at the convention.
Which was the first state to allow suffrage?
Wyoming was the first state to allow suffrage in 1869. Shortly after, some states, mainly in the west, passed laws allowing women to vote. Other states would allow women to vote in small, local elections, or just for the president. Some states, mainly the eastern ones, wouldn't let women vote at all until the 19th amendment.
When the women gathered at Seneca Falls who were they led by?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
What document resulted from the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848? Who wrote it?
The Declaration of Sentiments. It was written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
What US document is the Declaration of Sentiments similar to, and why?
Declaration of Sentiments is similar to the Declaration of Independence that the US wrote to break apart from Great Britain in that it listed all of the grievances, or issues women had with their role in society.
suffragist
men and women who fought for woman suffrage
amendment
change to the US constitution
Which two amendments were passed, which broadened citizenship and
voting rights; except for the fact, that women weren't included?
14th and 15th Amendments
Give an example of an issue that women challenged for moral reasons.
An example of this is with prohibition. Many women feared that alcohol was leading to poor workmanship in factories, and that husbands were becoming drunks and leaving families.
In the early-mid 1800s, what was a woman's main occupation?
In the early-mid 1800s, a woman's main occupation was working in the home. They were to provide for their
families and husbands.
When the woman suffrage movement began with the Seneca Falls Convention, women throughout
the country began to argue what ideas about the impact of their vote on the country as a whole?
Women throughout the country began to argue that allowing women to vote would provide for a more "pure" and "moral"
country, and that issues throughout the US could be fixed if women were allowed to speak their opinions through voting.
In 1874, women that supported prohibition created what organization?
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
What was the aim of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)?
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) aimed to persuade local governments to pass laws that would prohibit the making and selling of alcohols.
Who is... Alice Paul?
Alice Paul was an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and the main leader and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
What type of businesses did some the the members of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) destroy?
saloons and bars
Name the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) member who whose husband died because of alcohol, and who would storm into bars with a hatchet and destroy alcohol supplies.
Carry Nation
Who is Jane Addams?
Jane Addams was a pioneer American settlement social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
Who created the Hull House in Chicago in 1890?
Jane Addams
During the late 1800s, women of the middle and upper class had more "free time" thanks to new technology, name two inventions that helped free up women's time?
vacuum cleaner and washing machine
political machine
powerful organizations linked to political parties
What did women do with their newly acquired free time?
Women now needed less time in
the home and sought out better educations. They then took that knowledge and worked to fix societal issues.
muckrakers
reporters that "raked" (exposed) the "muck"
(dirt and corruption) in society
What field did surge of production of settlement houses contribute to?
social work
The work of the WCTU eventually led to which amendment that placed a complete ban on the making and selling of alcohol.term-30
The work of the WCTU eventually led to the 18th Amendment,.
True or false? Some states in the mid-1800s already allowed women to vote.
True. Some states in the mid-1800s already allowed women to vote.
In order to organize a state-by-state push, woman suffragists created what association?
National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Who is... Elizabeth Cady Stanton?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement.
Who exposed William M. Tweed?
Thomas Nast
Name two members of the National American
Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
1.) Susan B. Anthony: She traveled to all the states, speaking, and gaining momentum. She also
helped write the 19th Amendment with Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

2.) Carrie Chapman Catt: In 1916, led the NAWSA with her winning plan. The goal of this plan
was to hit the big states on the east coast to urge them to ratify the 19th Amendment.
Which was the most radical of the
three strategies that the suffragists used?
Constitutional Amendment
What organization did Alice Paul form in 1913?
The National Women's Party
Who formed the Bull Moose Party for the election of 1912?
Theodore Roosevelt
recall
allowed voters to remove elected officials
political boss
a corrupt politician who ran a district's political machine by controlling jobs and services
oligopoly
a few large companies that controlled prices
for an entire industry
initiative
allows voters to place an issue on the ballot in
a state election
referendum
voters have the ability to accept or reject
measures that the state legislature enacted
What made "bosses" corrupt? How did they make money?
accepted bribes from tenement landlords to overlook violations of city housing codes

when they were running for elections, bosses took campaign money from contractors (builders) that wanted to do work for the city

took kick backs = illegal payments

contractor overcharged for city work; "bosses" would receive extra money
Who was William M. Tweed?
William M. Tweed, a.k.a. Boss Tweed, led NY City's Democratic political machine. He was the most famous corrupt boss.
tariff
a tax on particular imports and/or exports
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