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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. psychological and biological therapies (OCD)
  2. conversion disorder vs malingering
  3. behavioral explanation (panic & agoraphobic)
  4. evidence of biological basis for anxiety disorders
  5. Hypochondriasis Disorder
  1. a 1) runs in the family, family member with anxiety increases comorbidity 2) twin studies indicate heritability 20-40 (GAD, PTSD, phobias) 50 (PD) 3) GAD have deficits in GABA system function 4) deficits in medial prefrontal cortex (interferes w/ amygdala regulation)
  2. b CD: physical malfunction, stressful event trigger, no organic cause, no concern to see doctor, not really upset (woke up one day, cant walk)
    M: faking malfunction, aware that they are pretending and attempting to manipulate others, clear gains to being 'ill" (no work, settlement money)

    test: blindness test M less than chance level b/c trying to be "blind"
  3. c psychoanalytic; uncover hidden motivations
    biological: ssris, relapse common once stopped
    psychological: exposure/ritual prevention
    psychosurgery: lesion to cingulate bundle 30% effective
  4. d severe anxiety focused on having serious disease, blown out of proportion, features of panic disorder, treatment: explanatory therapy: doc explains source/origin of symptoms
  5. e classical conditioning (interoceptive): panic attacks are conditioned to responses to anxiety triggering situations or internal bodily sensation of arousal, people learn what things/situations cause panic and avoid those things to avoid panic

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. people can inherit biological vulnerability to anxiety disorders
  2. recurrent uncued panic attacks (1 month), constant worry about more attacks...example: Jenny unexpected heart pounding, sweaty palms, deep sense of fear something was wrong, worried about reoccurence, began avoiding public situations b/c fear of being humiliated
  3. factitious disorder: voluntary symptoms, no obvious gain, done for attention, self harm to induce symptom picture

    by proxy: child abuse, symptoms induced by someone close (mom who loves praise of caring for sick child)
  4. known stimulus/ clear trigger, like seeing needle or snake (most likely a phobia)
  5. specific fear that you will become sick, early age of onset

5 True/False questions

  1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder vs other anxiety disorders (biological features)differs because GAD less responsive on physiological measures (unlike panic), chronically tense because highly sensitive to threats, fatigued easily, mental agitation, always on edge, stress hormones always elevated


  2. psychoanalytic etiology (OCD)obsessions/compulsions reflect maladaptive responses to unresolved conflict


  3. which somatoform disorders exposure and response prevention treatmentlikelihood of attack is greater in situations where they have previously occured


  4. cognitive behavioral treatment (panic & agoraphobic)individual misinterprets somatic bodily changes as impending doom


  5. cognitive etiology (OCD)general psychological vulnerability where they believe their thoughts are equal to actions, so unacceptable thought is just as bad as action