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Chinese Religions Vocabulary

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Analects of Confucius
a collection of the teachings of Confucius complied 70 years after his death
Chou Dynasty
1122-221BCE- the time when China was organized and governed by a feudal system similar to that of medieval Europe
Confucianism
the body of beliefs and practices based on the ancient Chinese philosophy of Confucius
Confucius
an ancient Chinese wise man who devoted his life to teaching and to government reform. His philosophy is the basis for Confucianism
Cultural Revolution
a mass movement begun by Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong in 1966 directed against the upper-middle class bureaucrats, artists and university intellectuals who were killed, imprisoned, or "resettled." It was intended to purify Chinese Communism
Han Dynasty
206BCE-220CE- the time in China when Confucianism became a quasi-state religion and when Confucian classics were used as a basis of civil service exams
Hsun Tzu
a follower of Confucius who believed in the value of rites to bring people together and who denied the basic goodness of humankind
I Ching
Ancient Chinese Book of Divination
Jen
Confucian principle translated as "love," "goodness," and "humanness."
Kuei
evil spirits in early Chinese religion
Lao- Tzu
the founder of Taoism
Legalists
on of three major schools of Taoism. They believed that people tended to be lazy and wicked and that government need strong leadership
Li
ceremonies, rituals, and rules of proper conduct in Confucian thought
Mencius
the Confucian philosopher who lived 100 years after Confucius who became a famous teacher of Confucianism
Mohists
one of three major schools of Taoism. They thought that government should operate from a of love
Shang Ti
supreme god recognized by the Chou dynasty of ancient China
Shen
beneficial spirits in early Chinese religion
Tao
"The Way" or "The Way of Nature"
Tao Te Ching
literally, "The Classic of the Way and its Power or Virtue." The book that became the basis for the philosophy of Taoism
Yin and Yang
the negative and positive forces in nature in early Chinese religions