37 terms

invitation to human communication chapter 3 nonverbal

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nonverbal communication
the process of conveying meaning without using the spoken word.
liking
using our body orientation, facial expression, use of touch, or proximity to communicate our feelings about another person.
responsiveness
displaying positive facial expressions,posture, and gestures.
repetition
using the nonverbal signals that reproduce what is said verbally
emblems
gestures that can be translated into words.
emphasis
using nonverbal cues that strengthen what is stated verbally
complementation
when the nonverbal signal elaborates or expands the meaning of the verbal message.
illustrator
nonverbal behavior that reinforces spoken words.
contradiction
when verbal and nonverbal forms of communication conflict with one another.
substitution
when we rely on nonverbal codes instead of verbal ones.
regulation
the process of controlling conversations and interactions with others
visual communication system
includes the codes of kinesics, proxemics, and artifacts.
auditory communication system
paralanguage
invisible communication
chronemics, olfactics, and haptics.
kinesics
the study of bodily movements such as gestures, posture, eye contact, and facial expressions.
affect display
nonverbal movements that indicate how we feel
adaptors
gestures we use to manage our emotions.
proxemics
the use of space.
artifacts
the personal objects we use to communicate something about ourselves.
personal appearance
specific aspects of our appearance including facial features;skin color, hair color, length, and style; and body type.
paralinguistics
the vocal aspects of nonverbal communication, such as rate, volume, pitch, and emphasis.
vocal cues
aspects of the human voice that create rhythm of musical flow.
vocalized pauses
the use of filler words or sounds such as 'er','um',and 'uh'.
monotone
a lack of variation in a speaker's rate, pitch, and volume.
silence
the lack of vocal sound.
chronemics
how humans organize and structure time and the message conveyed as a result of this organization.
monochronic cultures
cultures in which people carefully schedule tasks, complete the, one by one, and follow strict agendas.
polychronic culutures
cultures in which people take on several tasks at once and view time as flexible.
olfactics
the use of our sense of smell to gather information.
haptics
the study of communicating via touch.
functional or professional touch
the least intimate touch, including touch by other according to their professional position.
social or polite touch
part of an initial interaction, greeting, or informal ritual.
friendship or warmth touch
a sense of closeness and caring between individuals.
love or intimacy touch
touch between family members or romantic partners.
sexual arousal touch
they type touching that conveys sexual meaning and stimulation
environmental factors
surroundings that influence how we think, feel, and behave as we communicate with others
emoticons
typed characters used to convey feeling.