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Fourth Lateran Council
discusses almost all aspeects of church life, including transubstantiation; proudest moment of Innocent III's life
success of Gregorian reform leads to?
increase of power/reputation of Church & papacy, so more people look to the Church
In Christendom period, _____one was Catholic and it influenced ____ aspect of their lives
Inquisition is what?
an official Catholic court that was charged w/ examining and investigating those accused of heresy & punishing heretics w/ torture/death
As a result of the Crusades, ___increased and people moved to cities/towns that the revival of ____ brought into being (same term 2x)
how Dominic wanted to fight heresy
well-educated & holy preachers who explain Church teachings & live according to gospel
Why were some orders called mendicant
they were "begging" because they emphasize eprsonal poverty & finance their charitable activities from donations they seek from the faithful
most lasting monuments of Christendom in the midieval period
churches adn cathedrals made in the Gothic Style
Monks copy manuscripts to do what with them
pass them on to monastic schools, where future monks are trained
thinkers from universities that contribute to our understanding of Catholicism
Anselm, Peter Abelard, Albert the Great, Bonaventure, Duns Scotus
Dominican friar/ thinker/writer who is best known of all the thinkers & is not afraid of knowledge
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
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