(1625-1649) clashed with parliamentary since the 1628 petition complaining about the King's behaviour. Despite these complaints he continued as King. Then in 1629, he dissolved parliament indefinitely. In the 1640s he was forced to call Parliament back as he needed money but, unhappy with what was happening, the result was civil war. In 1649, when the Civil War ended, he was put on trial to account for his actions. He was found guilty of breaking a 'contract and a bargain made between the king and his people'. He was executed by Oliver Cromwell for his crimes.