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A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
The fertilized egg - it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo
The developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month
Agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
Physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking - in severe cases, symptoms include noticable facial misproportions
A baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for the nipple
Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively unifluenced by experience
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
In Piaget's theory, the stage during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities
In Piaget's theory, the stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic
The principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objetcs
In Piaget's theory, the inability of the preoperational child to take another's point of view
theory of mind
People's ideas about their own and other's mental states - feelings, perceptions, thoughts, and behaviors
A disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind
concrete operational stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events
formal operational stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age
An emotional tie with another person; shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation
An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development
The process by which certain animals from attachments during a critical period very early in life
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending fro puberty to independence
primary sex characteristics
The body structures (ovaries, testes, and external genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible
One's sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent's task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and physical functioning
One's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends ot decrease during late adulthood
The culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood,and retirement
Obeying either to avoid punishment, or to gain concrete rewards; usually occurs before the age of 9
Cares for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because thy are the laws and rules
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