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ANTH TEST 3
Terms in this set (64)
Which of the following policies required white settlers to purchase native lands?
Compensable Indian Title to Land
The English colonist in North America felt that the natives were inferior heathens, and therefore were in need of conversion to christianity T/F?
Which of the following were cultural traditions encountered by Europeans upon first arriving in North America?
The Dawes General Allotment Act was created to allow for tribes to own land communally T/F?
False- all land divided between natives and surplus belonged to the govt and they could sell to white settlers
The French and Spanish explorers in the New World had no intention of establishing long-term settlement in North America T/F?
The ____ movement was established by the profit Wodziwob in the 1870's, and again by the prophet Wovoka in the 1890's?
The _____ act was passed on May 20th, 1830, and set up districts in Indian Territory that was for eastern tribes to move after they were forced from their homelands?
Indian Removal Act
Under NAGPRA, which of the following policies were included?
Repatriating Cultural Remains to native people
At the time of European "discovery" of the New World, there were approximately ______ distinct tribal groups in North America?
Paleoindians likely arrived in North America sometime around ______?
In the response to the ending "March on Washington" promoted by A. Phillip Randolph, President Roosevelt created the _______ to enforce better treatment of blacks in the defense industries?
FEPC- Fair Employment Practices Commission
The first legally established African American Town in the New World was ______, and was founded in 1738 in Florida?
The first colony to legalize slavery was ______?
Booker T. Washington founded the National Association for the Advancement of colored people T/F?
False- W.E. Debois
African Americans constitute about 13.5% of the population of the U.S., making them the second largest minority group in the country, and the largest minority in the 24 states T/F?
In Rhode Island, which had more slaves than any other New England Colony, it was required that children of slaves learn to read and write T/F?
The arrest of Rosa Parks sparked the ______ in Montgomery, Alabama?
Slavery had existed in Spain and Portugal long before the exploration of the America's began, but it did not generate the kind of racism that was to evolve in North America T/F?
From the beginning to end of the slave trade, approximately ______ million men, women, and children were taken from Africa to the America's. Of these, approximately ______ million ended up in what became the U.S.?
It has been estimated that people of African descent made up about ______ % of the population of St. Augustine, both slaves and free blacks?
What are the three steps or phases in the creation of African American culture as distinct from African culture?
A. Adaptation of groups to each other
B. Adaptation of culture to new environment
C. Interaction with other groups in North America3.
Human life begins how many years ago in Africa, as found in the archaeological record, and what is the name of the site with the oldest modern human remains?
200,000 to 100,000 YA; Herto Site
Several ruling dynasties of Ancient Egypt were from ______, which is considered to be part of "Black Africa"?
Great Zimbabwe reached its peak around what years?
1300 to 1450
What is the name of the structures found within the enclosures at Great Zimbabwe?
About how many men, women, and children were brought to the Americas through the slave trade, and how many of these people were brought to North America?
about 10-12 million; 1/2 mill.
Which cultural group in central Africa had the most homogenized culture brought to the New World?
What were two main occupations that West Africans were very skilled at, making them desirable as slaves?
Farmers, Cattle Herders
How many men of African descent accompanied Columbus on his initial voyage to the New World, and what were their names?
2, Pedro Alonzo Nino and Juan las Canarias
Who is responsible for suggesting Africans as slaves for the New World? Who did he suggest this to?
Bartolome de las Casas, Charles V
What is the oldest European city in North America?
In 1619, the Dutch bring 20 indentured servants to _______.
Which colony was the first to legalize slavery?
Which colony moved to abolish slavery in the late 1600s, although this was denied by the British government?
In what year was the slave trade made illegal, and about how many illegal slaves were brought to the New World per year?
1807; 5,000 per year
What popular Myth gave the white population justification to continue slavery?
Myth of the Negro Past
Which colony made it required by law that children of slaves be literate?
People from which region of Africa were skilled rice cultivators and brought to the Carolinas to grow rice? What cultures developed there as a result of this?
Sierra Leone; Gullah and Geechee Cultures
What is the name of the sea voyage from Africa to the Americas?
In 1831, which slave revolt resulted in 60 whites being killed, and the revolt leader being hanged (he left behind Confessions)?
At the beginning of the Civil War, how many slaves were present in the US?
4 ½ million
Which Amendment abolishes slavery, and what year was it passed?
What was the purpose of the Reconstruction?
Protect rights of blacks in the south
What was the result of the 1898 court case "Williams vs. Mississippi"?
Upheld literacy tests for voting
Who founds the NAACP, and what does that stand for? What is its approach to ending segregation?
WEB Dubois, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; legal approach
What group is initially responsible for the creation of the KKK, and how does it change over time?
Elite southerners, later to poor southerners
What is the Great Migration?
Movement of blacks from south to north
What changes were made in the south in response to the Great Migration?
Movements to better black education
What is President Roosevelt's response to the impending March on Washington led by A. Phillip Randolph?
Creates the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)
During the economic boom in the US following WWII, the Middle Class rose from _____% to _____%.
13% to 46%
What was the ruling of "Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas"?
Separate but equal is never equal
Which group was instrumental in organizing the Bus Boycott of 1955?
Women's Political Council
What year did the Civil Rights Act pass?
What is the Social Dislocation Crisis, and what are some of its symptoms?
Loss of typical cultural behaviors
In the "Clovis First" model, approximately how many years ago did people first migrate to North America?
12,000 to 13,000 Years ago
What is an atlatl?
In what year was a boundary drawn between the colonies and Indian Country?
What is meant by "Compensable Indian Title to Land"?
Land must be purchased from natives, not taken
What year did the Indian Removal Act pass, and what did it do?
1830, removed SE groups to Oklahoma Territory
What is "allotment"?
Dividing up native lands for individual ownership
What is the phenomenon of Checkerboarding, and how did it affect natives?
Native lands being sold to whites, broke up tribes and families
What are revitalization movements, and what was their purpose?
Ask for supernatural assistance, nativistic
What is NAGPRA?
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
The American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed in what year?
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