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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. phoneme
  2. insight
  3. semantics
  4. functional fixedness
  5. morpheme
  1. a the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
  2. b in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
  3. c a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
  4. d the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
  5. e in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
  2. beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  3. a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
  4. (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
  5. in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.

5 True/False questions

  1. algorithma methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.


  2. two-word stagethe stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.


  3. availability heuristica simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.


  4. one-word stagebeginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.


  5. syntaxin a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.