5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- mental set
- telegraphic speech
- confirmation bias
- a early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
- b a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
- c a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
- d a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
- e a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
5 Multiple choice questions
- the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
- in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
- in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
- a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
- an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
5 True/False questions
creativity → the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
language → our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
babbling stage → beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
linguistic determinism → Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
cognition → an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.