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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. linguistic determinism
  2. creativity
  3. framing
  4. functional fixedness
  5. syntax
  1. a the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  2. b the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
  3. c the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
  4. d the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
  5. e Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
  2. all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
  3. a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
  4. a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
  5. early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".

5 True/False questions

  1. morphemein language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.


  2. semanticsthe set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.


  3. representativeness heuristicjudging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.


  4. algorithma methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.


  5. one-word stagebeginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.