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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. framing
  2. babbling stage
  3. representativeness heuristic
  4. syntax
  5. algorithm
  1. a a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
  2. b beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  3. c the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  4. d the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
  5. e judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  2. a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
  3. beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
  4. the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
  5. estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.

5 True/False questions

  1. languagethe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.


  2. morphemein language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.


  3. prototypea mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).


  4. telegraphic speecha simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.


  5. linguistic determinismWhorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.


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