5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- linguistic determinism
- functional fixedness
- a the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- b the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
- c the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
- d the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
- e Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
5 Multiple choice questions
- our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
- all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
- a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
- a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
- early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
5 True/False questions
morpheme → in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
semantics → the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
representativeness heuristic → judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
algorithm → a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
one-word stage → beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.