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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. babbling stage
  2. functional fixedness
  3. language
  4. mental set
  5. grammar
  1. a a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
  2. b in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
  3. c beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  4. d the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
  5. e our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
  2. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
  3. a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
  4. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  5. a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.

5 True/False questions

  1. framingin a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.

          

  2. prototypein language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.

          

  3. intuitionan effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.

          

  4. one-word stagebeginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.

          

  5. morphemein language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.