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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. mental set
  2. prototype
  3. telegraphic speech
  4. confirmation bias
  5. heuristic
  1. a early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
  2. b a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
  3. c a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
  4. d a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
  5. e a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
  2. in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
  3. in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
  4. a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
  5. an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.

5 True/False questions

  1. creativitythe ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.

          

  2. languageour spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.

          

  3. babbling stagebeginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.

          

  4. linguistic determinismWhorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.

          

  5. cognitionan effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.

          

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