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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. fixation
  2. syntax
  3. cognition
  4. belief perseverance
  5. telegraphic speech
  1. a all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
  2. b (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
  3. c the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
  4. d clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  5. e early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
  2. in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
  3. beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
  4. estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
  5. the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.

5 True/False questions

  1. overconfidencethe set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.

          

  2. phonemein language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.

          

  3. mental setthe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.

          

  4. functional fixednessthe tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.

          

  5. grammarthe way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.