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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. mental set
  2. phoneme
  3. babbling stage
  4. framing
  5. algorithm
  1. a a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
  2. b in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
  3. c beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  4. d a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
  5. e the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  2. estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
  3. a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
  4. early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
  5. in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).

5 True/False questions

  1. heuristicthe set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.


  2. representativeness heuristicjudging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.


  3. languageour spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.


  4. concepta mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.


  5. syntaxthe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.