5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- mental set
- babbling stage
- a a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
- b in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
- c beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- d a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
- e the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
5 Multiple choice questions
- clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
- a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
- early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
- in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
5 True/False questions
heuristic → the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
representativeness heuristic → judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
language → our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
concept → a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
syntax → the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.