5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- babbling stage
- representativeness heuristic
- a a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
- b beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- c the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- d the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
- e judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
5 Multiple choice questions
- clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
- beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
- the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
- estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
5 True/False questions
language → the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
morpheme → in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
prototype → a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
telegraphic speech → a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
linguistic determinism → Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.