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beau's lines

visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate that are the result of a major illness or injury are


a condition that results from the living skin splitting around the nail is


minor damage to matrix that produces a whitish discoloration or white spots on the nail is


split or brittle nails with a series of lengthwise ridges and a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate is

nail pterygium

an abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by the nail plate and is a result of damage to the eponychium or hyponychium is


inflammation of the nail matrix followed by shredding of the natural nail plate is

nail psoriasis

tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate is an indication of

pyogenic granuloma

a severe inflammation in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail ed to the nail plate is a sign of


total immersion of implements while they are disinfecting is a requirement of the


as a rule of thumb, the lower the grit on an abrasive nail file the more

loosen & dissolve dead tissue

cuticle removers typically contain sodium or potassium hydroxide used to

pumice powder

a mild abrasive that polishes fine scratches from the surface of the nail plate is

sides to center

natural nails should be filed from


the half moon at the base of the natural nail is called the

relaxer movement

a form of massage known as "joint movement" is the


foot files are also known as


when performing a pedicure, do not push back the


compression movements, which include kneading, squeezing, and friction, are

effleurage on instep

in a massage, a friction movement using the fist with thumb out and applying firm pressure up the heel toward the ball of the foot is

massage preparations

products used to massage, lubricate, and moisturize skin are

fine point

toenail clippers that are the most effective should have jaws with a


shallow depressions that serve as contact points for nail tips and the natural nail are called


properly applied nail tips should never cover more than how much of the natural nail

cuticle to free edge

when removing dust from the natural nail plate, stroke the brush from

nail wraps

nail enhancements made by using nail-size pieces of cloth or paper are

wrap resin

the product that gives a nail wrap system its unique properties is the


a thin, tightly woven natural material that becomes transparent when wrap resin is applied is


fabric wraps are made from silk, fiberglass, and

4 weeks

new fabric application and rebalancing on nail wraps should be done every

liquid and powder

nail enhancements, commonly called acrylic nails, are based on mixing a combination of


also called benzoyl peroxide

benzoyl peroxide

the initiator added to polymer powder to start the chain reaction of curing the nail enhancement is

mix ratio

the ratio of polymer powder and liquid monomer used to create a product bead is called the

teneite acetate

performed nail extensions made from __ plastic are nail tips

cyanoacrylate monomers

nail adhesives used for securing nail tips are all based on

dappen dishes

special containers used to hold monomers and powder to minimize contamination and evaporation are

sable hair

for use with acrylic products, the best brushes to use are composed of

medium consistency

the second bead of product placed on the natural nail should be of

dry mix ration

in general, odorless acrylics must be used with a(n)

circular motions

when using an odorless product, for the proper mix ratio with the brush, use multiple

inhibition layer

odorless products harden more slowly, which creates the tacky layer called the


although they are not traditionally thought of this way, nail enhancements based on UV curing chemistry are:

urethane methacrylates (acrylic family)

newer gel systems use

urethane acrylate

traditionally, UV gels relied on

40 wattage

how much electricity does a UV bulb consumes


brushes that are used to hold and spread the UV gel are

base coat UV gel

the first UV gel applied is called the

inhibition layer

UV gels cure with a tacky surface called a(n)

2 to 3 weeks

for proper maintenance, UV gel enhancements must be rebalanced every

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