Chapter 19 Respiratory Disorders

acute bronchitis
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Terms in this set (29)
embolusa substance or object that travels via the bloodstream to a blood vessel and subsequently lodges in blood vessel, creating a partial or complete obstruction of blood flow through affected vesselEgophonyincreased resonance of voice sounds heard when auscultationepiglottitisrapidly progressive inflammation of the epiglottis and adjacent structures that is usually caused by bacterial infectiongoodpasture syndromean uncommon antiglomerular basement antibody that targets the lungs and kidneys. antibody initiates inflammation of the basement membraneshealthcare-associated pneumoniapatients who were hospitalized in an acute care hospital for 2 or more days within 90 days of developing the infection, or who resided in a long-term facility or nursing home at the time of infectionhistoplasmosiscaused by inhaling spores of histoplasma capsulatum is endemic to Ohio, Mississippi, and Misouri valleys, Central and South America, carribean, and Appalachian Mountains.Hospital acquired pneumoniainvolves pneumonia that was not including at the time of hospital admission and develops 48 hours or more after hospital admissioninfluenzahighly contagious viral infection that sweeps through a geographic region as an epidemic that lasts 6-8 weeks during the winter monthspertussiswhooping cough, highly contagious respiratory infection that is usually caused by bordetella pertussispneumoniadefined as inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is typically characterized by lung consolidation with aveoli filled with exudatepulmonary arterial hypertensiondisease characterized by an increased pulmonary arterial resistance in the absence of the left ventricular failure or chronic thromboembolismpulmonary embolism(PE)occurs when an embolus is pumped from the right heart into progressivly smaller pulmonary arteries until it wedges in a vessel that is too small for it to pass throughPulmonary granulomasmall,localized collection of macrophages that form in response to an inhaled antigen that cant be degraded or in response to an autoimmune disorderpulmonary hypertenstionincreased blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries, may represent a primary diease called pulmonary arterial hypertensionrhinorrheaa profuse, watery discharge from the nose that is caused by minor damage to the nasal mucosa that allows extracellular fluid to escapetuberculosisinfectious airborne bacterial disease caused by an organismupper respiratory tract infectionacute infection of one or more structures of the upper respiratory tract (nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronci, paranasal sinusesventilator-associated pneumoniapneumonia that develops more than 48-72 hours after tracheal intubationwegner granulomatosisrare systemic vasculitis that restricts blood flow, causing damage that may be limited to the upper and lower respiratory tracts but ca involve the kidneys and other organs