17 terms

Poetry

1. Alliteration- occurence of the same letter or sound at the beginning or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words 2. Onomatopoeia-formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named. 3. Rhyme-a short poem in which the sound of the word or syllable at the end of each line corresponds with that at the end of another 4. Rhythm-measured flow of words and phrases in verse or prose as determined by the relation of long and short or stressed and unstressed syllables 5.…
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Terms in this set (...)

alliteration
occurence of the same letter or sound at the beginning or sound at the beginning of closely connected words
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound that they are associated with
rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words, Identical or very similar recurring final sounds in words usually at the end of lines of a poem.
simile
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind "like/as"
personification
giving human characteristics to something non human "not like/as"
metaphor
a figure of speech involving the direct comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind
stanza
a "paragraph" of poetry
couplets
two lines, one immediately after the other, that contain end rhyme
free verse
poetry that does not follow specific rules, styles, or formats
Epic poem
A long poem that tells of an adventure of one or more heroes. Written in a narrative style.
Haiku
3 lines of 5-7-5 syllables or free form - to do with nature and the seasons
Limerick
A five line poem in which lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme.
Narrative poem
Poem that tells a story
Quatrains
4-line poem. line 2 and 4 must rhyme
cinquain
A poem of five lines consisting respectively of two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
ballad
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain.
sonnet
A 14-line verse form often in iambic pentameter, having one of several conventional rhyme schemes and usually featuring a shift in mood or tone after the eighth or twelfth line.