APUSH Ch. 22
Terms in this set (14)
Big Stick Diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by Teddy Roosevelt in which he was ready to use power and military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy. Examples: Sent US forces to Cuba in 1906 and all over Latin America...
(TR), 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic.
Open Door Policy
A policy of the United States, proposed in 1899, that stated China should be open to all nations that wish to trade with them (not just Europeans w/ "spheres of influence"). This policy did not include the consent of the Chinese, and was another form of imperialism- remember Britain's earlier Opium Wars...
Foreign policy created under President Taft (1909-1913) that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($), such as financing railroad construction, for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
United Fruit Company
A company based in Guatemala that owned 90% of the land in the 1950s. They only used 20% of it, so the Guatemalan president forced them to sell the land. Because several members of the board were in Congress, they got the CIA involved in a coup, overthrowing the elected Guatemalan gov't and replacing them with a "free-market"/US supported gov't. The company had several similar interactions in other tropical nations with the same results.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards the US entering the war.
The Zimmerman Telegram
(1917) From the German foreign minister to Secretary of State in Mexico - OFFER: if America declares war on Germany, and Mexico sides with Germany by attacking the US (as a distraction to affairs in Europe), and Germany wins, Germany will help Mexico reacquire Texas and the rest of the land in the Southwestern US. British sent a spy to Mexico to retrieve a copy and then released info to America. Wilson then made declaration of war against Germany. Mexico said- "No thanks...".
Selective Service Act
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45. The law is still enforced but ends at age 25 and applies to "all men living in the US".
An Act of the United States Congress passed during World War I. President Woodrow Wilson was concerned that dissent, in time of war, was a significant threat to morale. The passing of this act forbade Americans to use "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the United States government, flag, or armed forces during war.
Movement of over 300,000 African-Americans from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920. They were in search primarily of better economic opportunities (factory jobs left by soldiers?), and better treatment.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946, about the same time the United Nations was founded.
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war, reduce its military, and pay a ton of money to the UK and France. The US Senate rejected it and the US never signed it.
1917 could deport any alien back to there own country. They also sent back people that were a "threat" to security.
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected communist radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities. This was part of the first "Red Scare", inspired by the US' gov't feeling threatened by the 1917 Russian Revolution.
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