Pathology Unit 2

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The major role of the respiratory system is oxygenation of blood and removal of _____, this takes place within the _____
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Terms in this set (82)
Cystic fibrosis causes excessive viscous mucus secretion by _______exocrine glandsHyaline membrane disease is caused byLack of surfactant in alveoliEdemas causes stridor or a barking cough- depends on degree of obstructionCroupEpiglottitis is most commonly fromHaemophilus infuenza (HiB) **(the flu)**Epiglottitis is best seen on aLateral ST neckEpiglottitis appears on a radiograph as rounded thickening of the epiglottic shadow- looks like an ______Adult thumbInflammation of the lungpneumoniaPneumonia has 3 patternsAlveolar pneumonia, Bronchopneumonia, aspiration pneumoniaNecrotic area of pulmonary parenchymaLung abscessIn order to see a lung abscess you must perform an __________ to see air fluid levelsupright chest x-rayMyobacterium tuberculosis- rod shaped bacteriumTuberculosis (TB)Ghon is present inChildrenTuberculoma is present inAdultsPulmonary mycosis (histoplasmosis) has a radiographic appearance of hilar lymph node calcification which creates a "_______" effectpopcornRSV is caused by thesyncytial virusEstimated to effect almost all kids by age 2RSVAccounts for 80% of all bronchiolitis casesRSVDistention of distal air spacesEmphysemaDecreased airflow and obstruction of airwayAsthmaChronic dilation of bronchi or bronchiolesBronchiectasisGranulomatous disease, unknown causeSarcoidosisPneumoconiosis is caused by prolonged ________ to irritationsoccupation exposureMost common primary lung neoplasm malignancyBronchogenic carcinomaBronchogenic carcinoma is linked to _______ and inhaling carcinogenssmokingBacteria that enter pulmonary circulation and remain trapped in lungsSeptic embolismSeptic embolism is common withIV drug usersDiminished air within the lung associated with reduced lung volumeAtelectasisSevere, unexpected, and life threatening acute respiratory distress- large amounts of fluid in interstitial and alveolar spacesARDS (adult respiratory distress syndrome)Air within the mediastinal space, can be caused by traumaMediastinal emphysemaSubcutaneous emphysema is caused by _____ or ______ that disrupt the lung and parietal pleura and force air into the tissues of the chest wallinjuries, blunt traumaPresence of air in the pleural cavityPneumothoraxPneumothorax results in partial or complete _________collapse of lungAdditive or destructive? Cystic fibrosisAdditiveAdditive or destructive? Early lung abscessesDestructiveAdditive or destructive? PneumoniaAdditiveAdditive or destructive? TBAdditiveAdditive or destructive? AtelectasisAdditiveAdditive or destructive? EmphysemaDestructiveAdditive or destructive? Pulmonary mycosisAdditiveAdditive or destructive? BronchiectasisAdditiveAdditive or destructive? pneumothoraxdestructiveAdditive or destructive? PneumoconiosisAdditiveAdditive or destructive? NeoplasmsAdditiveAdditive or destructive? ARDSAdditiveAdditive or destructive? Congestive heart failureAdditiveAdditive or destructive? Hyaline membrane diseaseAdditiveAdditive or destructive? Late lung abscessAdditiveAdditive or destructive? SarcoidosisAdditiveAdditive or destructive? Pleural effusionAdditiveAdditive or destructive? Mediastinal massesAdditivePulmonary disorder with increased mucus production in bronchi, causing hyperventilation of the lungsAsthmaNeoplasm occurring in a bronchus, causing atelectasis and pneumonitisBronchial adenomaLung cancer arising from the bronchial mucosabronchogenic carcinomaProgressive condition marked by diminished capabilities of inspiration and expirationCOPDPus in the pleural spaceEmpyemaInfection caused by inhaling fungal sporesHistoplasmosisResp distress syndrome of the newborn (RDS)- Acute lung disease in newborn; characteristics include airless alveoli and rapid respirationsHyaline membrane diseaseForm of acute bacterial pneumoniaLegionnaires' diseaseCVPS lines are most commonly inserted into theSubclavian veinWhen performing post CVP or pacemaker placement CXR the patient shouldAs upright as you can get themWhich of the following are hereditary diseases 1. Hyaline membrane disease 2. Cystic fibrosis 3. RSV 4. ARDS1 and 2Croup and epiglottitis are what type of disorders?InflammatoryMore commonly known types of pulmonary mycosis areHistoplasmosis and CoccidioidomycosisAKA Coal miners / black lung diseaseAnthracosisBullae arelarge air filled spacesSarcoidosis is diagnosed throughHistology findingsMost common pathologic process involving the lungs in hospitalized patientsPulmonary embolismCaused from perforation of the esophagus, trachea or sudden rise in intraalveolar pressureMediastinal emphysemaCaused by trauma or blunt injuries that disrupt the lining and parietal pleura- forcing air into the tissues of chest wallPneumothoraxWhat view(s) is/are best used to determine pleural effusionsLateral and decubWhat side is DOWN when looking for an effusion in the left lung?LeftWhat nerve is affected when there is diaphragmatic paralysis?Phrenic