Create an account
All fat soluble vitamins have the potential for_____due to their ability to be stored in the body for long periods of time
clients with what diseases will cause a risk for deficiency
crohn's disease, cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, intestinal bypass
clients with ______disease should be careful not to take more than the recommended amount because of build up of the fat soluble vitamin
Vitamin deficiency results in
vision changes, xerophthalmia ( dryness and thickening of the conjunctiva), and changes in the epithelial cells (especially in the mouth and vaginal mucosa
food sources of Vitamin A are
fish liver oils, egg yolks, butter, cream, and dark yellow/orange fruits and vegetables (carrots, yams, apricots, squash, cantaloupe)
Vitamin E deficiency results in
hemolytic anemia, affects the nerve fibers that influence walking and vision
People who take vitamins should limit their intake to_________ of the RDA in a multivitamin product
people who synthetic vitamins in fortified foods or supplements are recommended for are
women capable of becoming pregnant and individuals older than 50 years old
In general, individuals who elect to take a vitamin supplement should
limit the amount to 150% of the RDA levels
vitamin C aids in
tissue building, metabolic reactions (wound and fracture healing), collagen formation, adrenaline production, iron absorption, conversion of folic acid, cellular adhesion
vitamin C is found in
citrus fruits (oranges, lemons), tomatoes, peppers, green leafy vegetables, and strawberries
vitamin C deficiency results in
scurvy, hemorrhagic disease with diffuse tissue bleeding, painful limbs/joints, weak bones, swollen gums/loose teeth
sources of b vitamins almost always include__________ unprocessed or enriched grains
leafy green vegetables
Thiamin B1 aids in
proper digestion, peristalsis, provides energy to smooth muscles, glands, the CNS, and blood vessels
riboflavin deficiency results in
cheilosis (manifestations include scales and cracks on the lips and mouth), smooth/swollen red tongue, dermatitis in the skin folds
niacin deficiency results in
pellagra (sun sensitive skin lesions), gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms
pantothenic acid B5 aids in
biological reactions (energy production, catabolism, synthesis of fatty acids, phospholipids, cholesterol, steroid hormones, neurotransmitters acetylcholine)
pantothenic acid deficiency results in
anemia, CNS changes, deficiency unlikely due to diverse availability of foods available
pantothenic acid is found in
organ meats, egg yolk, avocados, cashew, nuts and peanuts, brown rice, soy, lentils, broccoli, milk
biotin aids in
coenzyme used in fatty acid synthesis, amino acid metabolism, and the formation of glucose
biotin deficiency results in
rare, but results in neurological symptoms such as depression, fatigue, rashes on the skin, especially on the face you can have a "biotin deficient face"
folate aids in (folic acid is the synthetic form)
hemoglobin and amino acid synthesis, cellular reproduction, prevention of neural tube defects in utero
cobalamin deficiency results in
pernicious anemia, seen mostly in strict vegetarians(b12 found solely in foods of animal origin) and those with the absence of intrinsic factor needed for the absorption of B12
clients who are unable to be out in sunlight can increase their intake of vitamin D by consuming
eggs and fortified milk
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together