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animals that participate in the life cycles of pathogens and transmit pathogens from host to host are
period of invasion
the stage of an infectious disease when specific signs and symptoms are seen and the pathogen is at peak activity
once a microbe has entered a host, what process performed by certain WBCs will attempt to destroy the microbes?
the intermediary object or individual from which the infectious agent is actually acquired is termed the
a bacterial toxin that is not ordinarily released but instead is an integral part of gram-negative cell walls
the human body usually __ resident biota in tissue with contact to the outside and body fluids in exposed body cavities
a __ disease is an infectious disease that does not arise from host to host transmission
normal biota can cause infection and disease when the person is __ and when the normal biota is introduced to a previously __ site.
the agent that causes an infection and disease is most commonly referred to as the __ agent
a __ infection occurs when an infectious agent breaks loose from a localized infection and is carried by the circulation to another tissue
the general term for an inanimate material (solid object, liquid, or air) that serves as a transmission agent for pathogens
any inanimate objet that can serve as a vehicle for the spread of disease when contacted by an infected individual
the natural, nonspecific response to tissue injury or infection to protect the host from further damage
the first infection that predisposes the patient to further infection is called the __ infection
if an agent is transferred from an infected person to another person without an intermediate object, substance, or space, it is said to be __ transmission
__ carrier is a person with an inapparent infection who shows no symptoms of being infected yet is able to pass the disease agent on to others
the CDC Guidelines for handling of patients and body substances are referred to as the
the number of persons who have died as the result of a particular cause is referred to as the __ rate
period of invasion
the time period during a clinical infection when the infectious agent multiplies at high levels and obvious signs and symptoms are present
any characteristic or structure of a pathogen that allows it to establish itself in a host or cause damage to the host
long term microbial inhabitants of the skin and exposed mucosa, that generally do not cause disease in the host are called __ biota
the minimum number of a microbe that must enter the body in order to cause infection
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