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165 terms

Chapter 7 Handout

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an/o
anus
-cele
herniation
cheil/o
lips
choleangi/o
bile ducts(vessels)
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
-clysis
irrigation or washing
col/o
large intestine
duoden/o
duodenum
-ectasia
dilation or stretching
enter/o
intestine(mostly small intestine)
esophag/o
esophagus
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gums
gloss/o
tongue
-graphy
process of making a picture
hepat/o
liver
ile/o
ileum
jejun/o
jejunum
lingu/o
tongue
-logist
specialist who studies
-lysis
destruction
-megaly
enlarged
myc/o
fungus
-ostomy
make a new opening
pancreat/o
make a new opening
-pexy
fixation of a prolapsed organ
-plegia
paralysis
proct/o
anus and rectum
-ptosis
prolasped organ
rect/o
rectum
-rrhagia
hemorrhage
-rrhaphy
suture
-scope
looking instrument
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
splen/o
spleen
stomat/o
mouth
-centesis
surgical puncture (remove fluid)
osis
condition
itis
inflammation
stomatomycosis
condition of mouth fungus
glossalgia
pain in the tongue
glossal
pertaining to tongue
sublingual
adjective, means under the tongue
hypoglossal
under the tongue
glossoptosis
prolapse of the tongue
-plegia
suffix meaning paralysis
glossoplegic
paralsis of tongue
cheilitis
inflammation of lips
cheiloplasty
plastic surgey of the lips
cheil
word root for lips
cheil/o
combining form for lips
BM
bowel movement
PO
by mouth,orally
NPO,npo
nothing by mouth
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
Hep B
hepatitis B vaccine
HAV
hepatitis A virus
HBV
hepatitis B virus
HCV
hepatitis C virus
HP
Helicobacter pylori
GI
gastrointestional
GB
gallbladder
NG
naogastric
BE
barium enema
stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth
stomatoplasty
surgical repair of the mouth
stomatalgia
pain in mouth
stomatorrhagia
hemorrhage of the mouth
stomatomycosis
condition of mouth fungus
cheilotomy
incision of the lips
cheilostomatoplasty
plastic surgery of lips and mouth
gingiv/o
combining form for gums
gingival
pertaining to the gums
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
gingivctomy
excision of the gums
gingivoglossitis
inflammation of the gums and tongue
linguogingival
tongue and gums ( adjective)
mastication
process of chewing
ingestion
process of swallowing
digestion
chemical breakdown of food
absorption
movement of nutrients from intestine to the blood
defecation
expelling solid waste
feces
solid waste material
stool
solid waste material
eso-
means in or toward
esophageal
( adjective) of esophagus
esophagostenosis
narrowing of the esophagus
stenosis
condition of narrowing that may occur in a tube or passageway
mitral stenosis
narrowing of the mitral valve opening in the heart
gastroesophageal reflux disease
( GERD) causes the gastric and duodenal juices to enter and irritae the esophagus
gastrorrhagia
stomach hemorrage
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
-ectasia (ectasis)
suffix meaning stretching or dilatation
gastrectasia
dilatation or stretching of the stomach
gastroenteroptosis
prolapse of the stomach and small intestine
enter/o
words used about the small intestine or intestine in general
gastroenterology
internal medicine specialty that studies diseases of stomach and intestine
enteritis
inflammation of intestine
dysenterly
diorder of intestine by inflammation, pain, and diarrhea.
dys-
diffuculty or pain
gastroenteric
pertaining to stomach and small intestine
enterorrhagia
hemorrhage of small intestine
enterocele
intertinal hernia
enterocentesis
surgical punture of the small intestine
enteroptosis
prolapse of small intestine
col/o
combining form for colon ( large intestine)
colic or colonic
pertaining to colon or large intestine
colocentesis
surgical punture of colon
colopexy
surgical fixation of colon
colostomy
making new opening into colon
coloptosis
prolapseof colon
diverticulitis (singular,diverticulum)
inflammation of diverticula
diverticula
outpouchings or pockets that develop in colon wall
diverticulosis
chronic abdominal pain,cramping,and changes in bowel habits
coloclysis
irrigation of colon
-clysis
suffix for washing or irrigation
enteroscope
instrument to examine small intestine
sigmoid/o
refers to the sigmoid colon
sigmoidoscope
used to examine the sigmoid colon ( instrument)
sigmoidoscopy
procedure of examining the sigmoid colon with scope
rect/o
combining form for rectum
rectal
pertaining to rectum
rectocele
rectal hernia or herniation of rectum
colorectal
pertaining to colon and rectum
rectoclysis
washing or irrigation of rectum
rectoscope
instrument for examining the rectum
rectoscopy
proces of examining the rectum with rectoscope
rectoplasty
plastic surgery of the rectum
rectorrhaphy
suturing or stitching of rectum
cathartic
another name for a laxative
constipation
infrequent or small amount of bowel movement
hepat/o
combining form for liver
hepatomegaly
means enlargement of liver
rectourethral
pertaining to rectum and urethra
rectocystotomy
incision of bladder through the rectum
proct/o
combining form for anus and rectum
proctoclysis
washing or irrigation of anus and rectum
proctologist
specializes in diseases of anus and rectum
proctopexy
surgical fixation of rectum and anus
proctorrhaphy
suturing of rectum and anus
hepatitis
inflammation of liver
pancreat/o
used in words about pancreas
pacreatolysis
destruction of pancreatic tissue
pancreatolith
stone or calculus in pancreas
pancreatopathy
any pancreatic disease
pancreatectomy
excision of part or all pancreas
choleiths
condition which gallstones form in gallbladder
cholecystograph
x-ray of gallbladder
pancreatisis
caused by choleiths lodge in the bilary duct blocking bile flow or in pancreatic ducts
cholecystitis
inflammation of gallbladder
cholangiopancreatography
ERCP look for a stone that is difficult to see
a/tresia
not perforated or not opened
esophageal atresia
esophagus would be closed
cirrhosis
chronic alcoholism or hepatitis may lead to dysfunctional liver disease
kirrhos
means orange-yellow
splen/o
used in words about the spleen
splenectomy
excision of spleen
splenomegaly
englargement of spleen
splenoptosis
prolapse of spleen
splenic
pertaining to spleen
esphagoduodenostomy
particular anastomosis is also called, entire gastrectomy performed
enterocholecystostomy
incision in small intestine, gallbladder