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100 terms

2nd tri lit terms

STUDY
PLAY
colloquialism
slang
protagonist
main character
climax
highest point of action; moment at which crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved
motif
repeated mini-theme; conspicuous element, such as type of incident, device, reference or formula, which occurs frequently in works of literature
paradox
something that's impossible but is
aside
one person speaking privately to audience; other actores cannot hear
monologue
one person speaking
soliloquy
one person (alone) on stage talking (thoughts)
foil
a character who seems identical to protagonist; character who, by sharp contrast, serves to stress and highlight the distinctive temperament of the protagonist
prose
writing in sentences
dramatic irony
audience knows something characters don't
euphemism
polite or vague way of saying something
verse
poetry
irony
the opposite of what's expected
black humor
sick humor
anachronism
something out of time order
comic relief
a scene to drop the tension (in the audience)
pathos
anger and frustration over the situation
static
unchanging (no action)
dynamic
changing
apostrophe
speech or address to something or someone not present
hyperbole
over-exaggeration
malaprop
a word that is similar to the word intended
satire
using humor to criticize serious, controversial topics; literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous evoking toward it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn or indignation
persona
a character based off the author (author pretending to be someone else)
cliff hanger
a question or situation that's unanswered (always at the ends of a chapter)
picaresque
protagonist or hero, often with companions, goes on ordeals and adventures (adventure story); don't need to worry about plot line, just go place to place
teaser
unexplained information in middle of chapter
parody
extreme humor to the point of silliness on a topic
turning point
something happens to change things; a point of great tension in a narrative that determines how the action will come out
diction
choice of a particular word as opposed to others; language
genre
types/classes of literature: 1. lyric (uttered throughout in first person) 2. epic/narrative (narrator speaks in first person, then lets characters speak for themselves) 3. drama (characters do all the talking)
denotation
dictionary meaning
connotation
associated significations and meanings which it commonly suggests or implies
blank verse
consists of lines of iambic pentameter which are unrhymed
alliteration
repetition of a speech sound in a sequence of nearby words; only consonants and only when recurrent sound begins a word or a stressed syllable with a word
short story
brief work of prose fiction; organizes the action, thought and dialogue of its characters into the artful pattern of a plot
hero
do something good that is above and beyond expectations
Christian hero
upholds Christian/middle class values
tone
writer's feeling expressed through story
antagonist
character that deceives, frustrates, or works against the protagonist in some way
anti-climax
part of falling action after climax; things get resolved
syntax
creation of good sentences
voice
denominating tone of a literary work
narrative
a story (in prose or verse) involving events, characters, and what characters say and do
coincidence
a striking occurrence of two or more events at one time apparently by mere chance
comedy
a fictional work in which the materials are selected and managed primarily in order to interest and amuse us; no great disaster, happy chief characters
tragic flaw
lack of some important insight, some blindness that ironically results from one's own strengths and abilities
minor character
character that is not central to the story
audience
the person(s) reading a text, listening to a speaker, or observing a perfomance
third person omniscient
hear thoughts or feelings of different characters
falling action
action after the climax characterized by diminishing tensions and the resolution of the plot's conflicts and complications
figurative language
conspicuous departure from what users of a language apprehend as the standard meaning of words, or else the standard order of words, in order to achieve some special meaning or effect
dramatic monologue
poem in which a poetic speaker addresses either the reader or an internal listener
major character
character that is central to the story
situational irony
accidental events occur that seem oddly appropriate
psychological realism
find out what character is thinking
imagery
some literary figure that you can taste, hear, touch, smell, or see
essay
any short composition in prose that undertakes to discuss a matter, express a point of view, persuade us to accept a thesis on any subject, or simply entertain
foreshadowing
suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative
assonance
repetition of identical or similar vowels in a sequence of nearby words
understatement
deliberately represents something as very much less in magnitude or importance than it really is, or is ordinarily considered to be
iambic pentameter
five-stress iambic verse; pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
epic
a long narrative poem originally handed down through oral tradition, dealing with great heroes and adventure
setting
general locale, historical time, and social circumstances in which its action occurs (overall setting); particular physical location in which it takes place (setting of single scene or episode)
chronological narrative
in time order
narrator
someone outside story proper who refers to all the characters in the story by name, or as "he", "she", "they" (in third person narrative)
point of view
signifies the way a story gets told; mode established by means of which reader is presented with characters, dialogue, actions, setting, and events which constitute the narrative in a work of fiction
allusions
reference to another piece of literature
rite of passage
change in status or behavior
existentialism
reason to live
first person
the pronoun "I"
dynamic character
changes during course of story
allegory
a narrative, whether in prose or verse, in which the agents and actions, and sometimes the setting as well are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal," or primary, level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification
synecdoche
when one uses a part to represent the whole
realism
detailed, probing analyses of the way "things really are"
social realism
societal realism; some component of society that is criticized
symbol
a word or phrase that signifies an object or event which in its turn signifies something, or has a range of reference, beyond itself
theme
a central idea or statement that unifies and controls an entire literary work
omen
a miraculous sign, a natural disaster, or a disturbance in nature that reveals the will of the gods in the aren of politics or social behavior or predicts a coming change in human history
personification
an inanimate object or an abstract concept is spoken of as though it were endowed with life or with human attributes or feelings
consonance
repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the intervening vowel (live-love, lean-alone, pitter-patter)
novel
variety of writings all being works of fiction written in prose; as an extended narrative, its magnitude permits a greater variety of characters, greater complication of plot(s), and more sustained exploration of character and motives than do shorter, more concentrated modes
play
designed for perfomance in the theater, in which actors take the roles of the characters, perform indicated action and utter the written dialogue
anti-hero
chief person in a modern novel or play whose character is widely discrepant from that of the protagonist/hero; is petty, ignominious, passive, ineffectual, or dishonest
flashback
interpolated narratives or scenes (of justified as a memory, a reverire, or confession by one of the characters) which represents events that happened before the time at which the work opened
speaker
voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem
tragedy
literary representations of serious actions which eventuate in a disastrous conclusion for the protagonist
archetype
ideas that are frequently repeated in literature, myth, religion, or folklore, making them universal across culture and time
play of manners
static; little physical action
mood
emotional tone pervading a section of the whole of a literary work, which fosters in the reader expectations as to the course of events, whether happy or terrifying or disastrous
second person
pronoun "you"
rising action
action leading to the climax
static character
unchanging character
frame
structure of a story
catharsis
the sudden release of pent up emotion
coherence
the smooth movement from one are to the next
episodic
one story after another
achronological
not in time order
political realism
author criticizing something based on his/her political views