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highest point of action; moment at which crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved
repeated mini-theme; conspicuous element, such as type of incident, device, reference or formula, which occurs frequently in works of literature
a character who seems identical to protagonist; character who, by sharp contrast, serves to stress and highlight the distinctive temperament of the protagonist
using humor to criticize serious, controversial topics; literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous evoking toward it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn or indignation
protagonist or hero, often with companions, goes on ordeals and adventures (adventure story); don't need to worry about plot line, just go place to place
something happens to change things; a point of great tension in a narrative that determines how the action will come out
types/classes of literature: 1. lyric (uttered throughout in first person) 2. epic/narrative (narrator speaks in first person, then lets characters speak for themselves) 3. drama (characters do all the talking)
repetition of a speech sound in a sequence of nearby words; only consonants and only when recurrent sound begins a word or a stressed syllable with a word
brief work of prose fiction; organizes the action, thought and dialogue of its characters into the artful pattern of a plot
a fictional work in which the materials are selected and managed primarily in order to interest and amuse us; no great disaster, happy chief characters
lack of some important insight, some blindness that ironically results from one's own strengths and abilities
action after the climax characterized by diminishing tensions and the resolution of the plot's conflicts and complications
conspicuous departure from what users of a language apprehend as the standard meaning of words, or else the standard order of words, in order to achieve some special meaning or effect
poem in which a poetic speaker addresses either the reader or an internal listener
any short composition in prose that undertakes to discuss a matter, express a point of view, persuade us to accept a thesis on any subject, or simply entertain
deliberately represents something as very much less in magnitude or importance than it really is, or is ordinarily considered to be
a long narrative poem originally handed down through oral tradition, dealing with great heroes and adventure
general locale, historical time, and social circumstances in which its action occurs (overall setting); particular physical location in which it takes place (setting of single scene or episode)
someone outside story proper who refers to all the characters in the story by name, or as "he", "she", "they" (in third person narrative)
point of view
signifies the way a story gets told; mode established by means of which reader is presented with characters, dialogue, actions, setting, and events which constitute the narrative in a work of fiction
a narrative, whether in prose or verse, in which the agents and actions, and sometimes the setting as well are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal," or primary, level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification
a word or phrase that signifies an object or event which in its turn signifies something, or has a range of reference, beyond itself
a miraculous sign, a natural disaster, or a disturbance in nature that reveals the will of the gods in the aren of politics or social behavior or predicts a coming change in human history
an inanimate object or an abstract concept is spoken of as though it were endowed with life or with human attributes or feelings
repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the intervening vowel (live-love, lean-alone, pitter-patter)
variety of writings all being works of fiction written in prose; as an extended narrative, its magnitude permits a greater variety of characters, greater complication of plot(s), and more sustained exploration of character and motives than do shorter, more concentrated modes
designed for perfomance in the theater, in which actors take the roles of the characters, perform indicated action and utter the written dialogue
chief person in a modern novel or play whose character is widely discrepant from that of the protagonist/hero; is petty, ignominious, passive, ineffectual, or dishonest
interpolated narratives or scenes (of justified as a memory, a reverire, or confession by one of the characters) which represents events that happened before the time at which the work opened
literary representations of serious actions which eventuate in a disastrous conclusion for the protagonist
ideas that are frequently repeated in literature, myth, religion, or folklore, making them universal across culture and time
emotional tone pervading a section of the whole of a literary work, which fosters in the reader expectations as to the course of events, whether happy or terrifying or disastrous
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