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Esterhazy family

the richest and most influential among the German speaking aristocrats of Hungary, with estates covering some ten million acres south east of Vienna. Haydn worked for this family.


a viola da gamba like instrument with six strings

Hoboken number

number by which Josef Haydn's individual works may be identified following the catalouge prepared by the Dutch musicologist Anthony Hoboken.


originally a triple-meter dance that was often added toward the end of the Baroque dance suite; in the Classical period it was invariably written in rounded binary form and coupled with a matching rounded binary movement called a trio.

Minuet in trio

a pair of movements with each usually constructed in rounded binary form; the trio was often scored for fewer instruments, some times only three (thus the name); often served as the third movement of a symphony or piece of chamber music.

Farewell symphony

the best known of Haydn's programmatic works.

Stern and dron

a mode of expression that sought to frighten, studn, and overcome with emotion. Characterized by minor keys, angular themes, syncopation, string tremolos, sudden dynamic shifts, and violin lines that race up and down the scale.


(Italian for joke) an exuberant triple-meter dance that frequently replaced the more stately minute as the third movement in the symphonies and chamber works of the Classical period; was favored first by Haydn (in his Opus 33 quartets) and the especially by Beethoven in his symphonies.

Emperor quartet

a group that reflected the political and military events of Napoleonic Wars, which made their way right to Haydn's door step.

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