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54 terms

History Test Ch7

STUDY
PLAY
In the early 1780s, most state constitutions _____.
gave most political power to the legislatures
In the early 1780s, most state constitutions _____.
weakened the connection between church and state
The Articles of Confederation _____.
did not give Congress the power to tax
The guiding principle in the Articles of Confederation was _____.
the fear of centralized government authority
After the Revolutionary War, _____.
Britain kept its markets closed to American goods
Shays's Rebellion was a protest over _____.
debt relief
Which of the following people would not have been debtors?
merchants
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes what happened to Loyalists during and after the Revolution?
About 100,000 Loyalists fled to Canada or England.
British strategy after the Revolutionary War included _____.
holding western forts they promised to relinquish in the Treaty of Paris
Which of the following was not an issue between the United States and Great Britain?
annexation of Vermont
American farmers in the region that would become Tennessee and Kentucky wanted to be able to transfer cargoes to ocean-going vessels at _____.
New Orleans
The Virginia Plan _____.
called for a bicameral legislature
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention _____.
created a relatively strong chief executive
The Antifederalists ______.
opposed the ratification of the Constitution
A key aspect of republicanism was the revolutionary idea that _____.
the people could define and limit governmental power with a written constitution
In 1776, suffrage was extended to _____.
women in the state of New Jersey
The Jay-Gardoqui treaty exposed _____.
regional antagonisms
The Annapolis Convention met to _____.
devise uniform commercial regulations
Among the stipulations of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was a provision to _____.
prohibit slavery in the Northwest
With which country did the United States have the best trade relations in the 1780s?
France
In the early years of the republic, approximately what percentage of white men could vote?
60-85 percent
For women, the American Revolution _____.
was an opportunity to protest their subordination
The initial purpose behind the charter for the Bank of North America was to _____.
secure funds to settle debts and pay taxes owed to the United States
The only solid accomplishment of the Confederation Congress was to _____.
formulate a plan for the settlement of the West
Which of the following expressions best characterizes the political philosophy underlying the Constitution?
"Ambition must be made to counter ambition."
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the sectional concerns addressed by the Great Compromise?
The southern states wanted slaves counted for apportioning representation in the House but excluded from direct tax assessments.
Regarding tariff policies, _____.
All of the options are correct.
Which of the following did NOT characterize the Federalists?
Federalists felt power of the states should be paramount.
The first states to ratify the Constitution were _____.
mostly small and sparsely populated
What did republicanism emphasize?
Political rights should be restricted to property owners.
During the 1780s, _____.
bitter divisions erupted between debtors and creditors in many states
Native Americans _____.
did not desire equal rights within the American nation
Approximately ______ in ten slaves gained freedom as a result of the Revolutionary War.
one
Which of the following statements is true regarding U.S. trade with Britain after the Revolutionary War?
British markets remained closed to American goods.
State constitutions written around 1776 _____.
curbed executive powers
In the Land Ordinance of 1785, the income from the sale of section 16 of each township was reserved for the support of _____.
public schools
Which of the following was not usually a part of a state's bill of rights?
right to possess firearms
To make legislatures more expressive of the popular will, the new constitutions included all of the following provisions EXCEPT _____.
allowing all women to vote
What was the first national plan of government that established a loose confederation of autonomous states?
Articles of Confederation
In the period just after the end of the Revolutionary War, Spain _____.
would not allow the United States free navigation on the Mississippi River
During the 1780s, _____.
the United States was weak diplomatically
Which branch of government dominated under the Articles of Confederation?
legislative
Which of the following rebellions was an armed movement of debt-ridden farmers in western Massachusetts in the winter of 1786-1787?
Shays's Rebellion
Which of the following statements is true about how Loyalists were treated during the Revolutionary War?
Loyalists' lands and goods were seized and often sold by state governments.
Which of the following types of people composed the majority of delegates to the Constitutional Convention?
lawyers
In September 1786, delegates from several states met at the Annapolis Convention _____.
seeking to devise a uniform system of commercial regulation for the country
At the end of the Revolutionary War, Spain _____.
reimposed trade barriers with the United States
Which of the following was proposed by Roger Sherman of Connecticut at the 1787 Constitutional Convention for creating a national bicameral legislature in which all states would be equally represented in the Senate and proportionally represented in the House?
the Great Compromise
Which states were the last two states to ratify the Constitution?
North Carolina and Rhode Island
Which of the following is a power implied in the Constitution that gives federal courts the right to review and determine the constitutionality of acts passed by Congress and state legislatures?
judicial review
Which of the following statements is true regarding ratification of the Constitution?
Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts were persuaded to ratify by the promise of a bill of rights.
The purpose of the Annapolis Convention was to discuss _____.
interstate commerce
Which of the following was not an argument to oppose the Constitution?
It was composed of homogeneous social interests.
Those who opposed the Constitution were known as _____.
Antifederalists