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4 (biology) ch.21&22
Complex carbohydrate that is main component of fungi cell walls.
eukaryotic heterotrphs that have cell walls
tiny filament that makes up a multicellular fungus or a water mold
bodies of multicellular fungi
are composed of many hyphae tangled together into thick mass called mycelium
suited to absorb food because it permits a large surface area
reproduce asexually and sexually
Spore producing structure
Specialized hyphae that look like upright stalks
life cycles that include zygospore
resting spore that contains zygotes formed during the sexual phase of the mold's life cycle
root like hypae that penetrates the bread's surface
Stemlike hyphae that runs along the surface of the food source
Gamete producing structure in fungi
named for the ascus reproductive structure that contains spores
asexual spores produced at tips of hyphae
forms within the fruiting body and 2 nuclei of different mating types fuse to form a diploid zygote
eight cells produced when meiosis is followed by a cycle of mitosis
Asexual reproductive process in yeasts
(club fungi) specialized reproductive structure that resembles a club
Spore-bearing structure in club fungi
Haploid spores formed in basidium
an extremely varied phylum
grows on fruit, reproduces asexually, evoled from ascomycete
Organism that obtain food from decaying organic matter, all fungi are this
carnivorous fungi lives inside trees
cause serious plant and animal diesases
fungal disease in plants
fungal disease in human
yeast, may produce thrush
form symbiotic relationships.
Symbiotic organism between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism
Mutualistic associations of plant roots and fungi.
plants are made of
eukaryoted that have cell made of cellulose. carry out photosynthesis.
the spore-producing individual or phase in the life cycle of a plant having alternation of generations
the gamete-producing individual or phase in the life cycle of a plant having alternation of generations
sunlight,water, minerals, gas exchange, transport water.
evolved from an organism much like the multicellular green algae living today
plants are classified by
nonvascular plants that absorb water through diffusion
bryophtes life cycle
depends on water, also lacks vassuclar tissuse
3 types of bryophtes
mosses, liveworts, hornworts
the thin, rootlike structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant
small multi-cellular reproductive structure of liverworts
flattened with long horn like sporophytes
dominant, reconizable stage of the life cycle, carries photosynthesis, (bryophytes)
mass of tangled green filaments in mosses that forms during germination
plant structure that produces sperm
female gametangia (pruduecs egg)
mosses are goup of mosses thrive on water bogs
tissue that conducts water and nutrients through the plant body in higher plants
A long, skinny type of xylem found in all vascular plants.(first vasucale plants)
Vascular subsystem that carries water upward.
the tissue that moves food/sugar
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
seedless vascular plants
club mosses, hprsetails, ferns
Absorbs water and minerals from the ground. Anchors plant in ground.
The main photosynthetic organs of vascular plants.
A vascular bundle in a leaf.
Supprots leaves and connects to roots with vascular tissure
common club mosses
grows a meter tall, true eaves, horsetail
underground stems of plant such as ferns
structure, on some fungi, that produces spores
clusters of reproductive cells on the underside of a frond
A flowering plant which forms seeds inside a protective chamber called an ovary.
Seed bearing structures in Gymnosperms.
Seed bearing structures in Angiosperms.
structure produced by male reproductive organs of a seed plant
transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
Earliest stages in the development of an organism
the protective covering for the seed
have both gymnosperm and angiosperm characteristics
evergreen palms with cones
Has only survived for ornamentation, few make it in the wild, can survive with limited water and air pollution
Ovary walls of angiosperm seeds, encases developing seeds for protection.
seed plant with 1 cotyledon
2 seed leaves
a seed leaf inside a leaf
A flowering plant that completes its entire life cycle in a single year or growing season.
complete life cycles in two years
live more then two years