chapter 16 copy...
Making nutritional adjustments
Terms in this set (13)
After beginning an initial nutrition plan, the client isn't progressing. What are the next steps to take?
Improve client adherence. Stick with the client, figure out why they aren't adhering. Help find strategies to remove their limiting factors.
If a client has the outcome goal of fat loss, what would constitute slow, average and excellent progress?
Slow: <0.5% body fat in 4 weeks. Average: losing 0.5% body fat in 4 weeks. Excellent: losing 0.5% - 1% every 2-4 weeks.
What are the 5 common hurdles preventing clients from ideal nutrition adherence?
1. eating out frequently. 2. busy life - little food prep time. 3. lots of travel. 4. busy social schedule. 5. nutritional boredom
What are the 4 situations in which nutritional adjustments may be required?
1. poor initial progress. 2. good initial progress followed by plateau. 3. old goals have achieved and new goals set. 4. alterations in the training program
If you have a client who wants to lose body fat, what are the initial 2 steps to take with them?
Make sure they exercise 5 - 7 hours/week. Decrease daily calorie intake by about 250 calories.
If a client is making appropriate food choices and training hard with maximal strength and power work as well as more conventional bodybuilding type training, yet still isn't gaining muscle, what is the first thing you should do?
Increase daily calorie intake by @250 calories.
Explain why a client might reach a plateau after initial progressions.
The body changes but the program doesn't. The physical changes that have taken place have altered their need for energy intake or energy expenditure.
Explain outcome-based decision making.
Have a clear plan and measure changes at each step. If there are positive changes, proceed as before; if not, develop and move on to the next plan.
With pregnant clients, what should you consider before making recommendations?
Their height and weight and how much they should gain. Healthy weight gain: an additional 300-500 kcals/day.
List some anti-inflammatory foods.
Garlic. Turmeric. Pineapple. Cocoa. Tea. Blueberries. Ginger. Fatty fish.
What key components of the diet can be modified to reduce the risk of heart disease?
Avoid trans fats. Increase fish oil intake. Increase dietary fiber intake. Decrease dietary sugar intake. Balance dietary fat intake with additional monounsaturates and polyunsaturates.
What are the most common food allergens in adults?
Dairy. Seafood/shellfish. Peanuts. Tree nuts. Eggs.
How can anti-depressants influence bodyweight?
many people gain body fat when starting on anti-depressants. If they are not following a good exercise or nutrition plan. And even if they are following good plans, they tend to have a hard time losing fat.