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55 terms

This is Our Church Chapter 5

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Thomas A Kempis
Imitation of Christ
Avignon Papacy
AKA: Babylonian Captivity
King Philip IV
had Pope Boniface VIII arrested and beaten
King Philip IV
elected Frenchman, Pope Clement V
William of Ockham
wrote of a democratic form of Church government
Marsilus of Padua
in "Defender of the Peace" wrote that Pope had no special power
St. Joan of Arc
Battle of New Orleans
Gregory XI
last of Avignon Popes
returned to Rome
St. Bridget of Sweden and St. Catherine of Sienna
urged Gregory XI to return to Rome
St. Catherine of Sienna
Third Order of St. Dominic
Doctor of the Church
inadequately prepared priests, monastaries wiped out, and bizarre political practices
Bubonic Plague and Weakening Papacy
Italian Pope Urban VI
mobs pressured people to elect this Pope in Rome
Pope Clement VII
Frenchman who was elected Pope in France
Great Western Schism
period where two rival popes (occasionally 3) ruled
conciliarism
theory that Church reform could best take place by calling a council rather than relying on Papal rule
Nominalism
people as a whole had governing authority of CHurch
Council of Pisa
elected third Pope, Aledander V
King Sigismund
called Council of Constance
Pope Gregory XII
legitimate Pope
abdicated papal throne
Martin V
papal elect at Council of Constance
John Wyclif
criticized financial policies of Avignon Papacy and attacked papal authority
dismissed validity of hierarchy, sacraments, and priesthood
Church must return to strict poverty
John Hus
taught Wycliff's teachings in Bohemia
authority of Bible and importance of preaching
denied ultimate authority of Pope in doctrinal matters
Erasmas of Rotterdam
humanist interested in learning from classical texts and producing accurate translations of Bible
Dante
wrote Divine Comedy
Renaissance
period when Church was no longer thought of as the only source of beauty, wisdom, and knowledge
Pope Alexander VI
Borgia family
nepotism and simony
Indulgances
every sin must be purified
Council of Ferra-Florence
reunite Eastern and Western Churches
Mohamet II
assaulted Constantinople
ended bull of reunion
Girolamo Savonarola
Dominican who attempted to reform citizens of Florence; radical
burned at stake
Martin Luther
pictured God as a stern judge
no intention of breaking with Church
95 Thesis
Scripture over Tradition
justification by faith alone
Baptism and Eucharist
priesthood of all believers
Luthernasim
Philip Melanchton
Lutheranism
Augsburg Confession
German Leaders
Peace of Augsburg
Switzerland
democratic rule for Church
removed images, banned Church music, ablolished feast days
Eucharist is only symbol
Ulrich Zwingli
John Calivn
Institutes of CHristian Religion
primacy of Scripture
denied sacraments
condemned papacy, monasticism, clierical celibacy
predesntination
theocracy
Calvinism
everyone is a priest
Scotland
John Knox
Henry VIII
Church of England
divorced Catherine of Aragon
"Defender of the Faith"
Six Articles
issued by Henry VIII
insisted on Catholic teachings and imposed penalties on anyone who denied Eucharist or clerical celibacy
Act of Supremacy
Henry VIII
Thomas Moore and John Fisher
denied Act of Supremacy and killed
Archbiship Cranmer
Book of Common Prayer
Forty Two Articles of Religion
Calvert Family
Maryland formed by this Catholic family
infant baptism invalid
Anabaptists
Ignatius of Loyola
Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
St. Teresa of Avila
Carmelite Order
Ignatius of Loyola
Spiritual Exercises
obedience to Pope
preaching, teaching, writing, founding of schools
Jesuits
St. Teresa of Avila
wrote Interior Castle
papal supremacy
scripture AND tradition
Salavation is a FREE gift
Mass is true sacrafice
transubstantiation
7 sacraments
purgatory exists
clerical abusts corrected
priestly training
fasting
Council of Trent
Index of Forbidden Books
list created by Council of Trent
Pope St. Pius V
severe sanctions for swearing and violating Sundays and Holy Days
Holy Leage to fight Ottomans
Pope St. Pius V
published Catechism and reformed Missal
Pope Paul V
published Roman Ritual