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inadequately prepared priests, monastaries wiped out, and bizarre political practices
Bubonic Plague and Weakening Papacy
theory that Church reform could best take place by calling a council rather than relying on Papal rule
criticized financial policies of Avignon Papacy and attacked papal authority
dismissed validity of hierarchy, sacraments, and priesthood
Church must return to strict poverty
taught Wycliff's teachings in Bohemia
authority of Bible and importance of preaching
denied ultimate authority of Pope in doctrinal matters
Erasmas of Rotterdam
humanist interested in learning from classical texts and producing accurate translations of Bible
period when Church was no longer thought of as the only source of beauty, wisdom, and knowledge
Scripture over Tradition
justification by faith alone
Baptism and Eucharist
priesthood of all believers
democratic rule for Church
removed images, banned Church music, ablolished feast days
Eucharist is only symbol
primacy of Scripture
condemned papacy, monasticism, clierical celibacy
issued by Henry VIII
insisted on Catholic teachings and imposed penalties on anyone who denied Eucharist or clerical celibacy
scripture AND tradition
Salavation is a FREE gift
Mass is true sacrafice
clerical abusts corrected
Council of Trent
Pope St. Pius V
severe sanctions for swearing and violating Sundays and Holy Days
Holy Leage to fight Ottomans
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