Chapter 4 Medical Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (100)
boilacute, infected, painful nodule formed in the subcutaneous layers of the skin, gland, or hair folliclebullalarger blister; a blebburninjury to tissue caused by heat, fire, chemical agents, electricity, lightning or radiationcandidiasisinfection of the skin, mouth, or vagina caused by the yeast-type funguscarbuncleinfection of the subcutaneous tissue, usually composed of a cluster of boilscausalgiaintense burning pain associated with trophic skin changes such as thinning of hair and loss of sweat glands due to peripheral nerve damagecellulitisan acute, diffuse inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized by local heat, redness, pain, and swellingcicatrixscar left after the healing of a woundcomedoblackheadcornthickening of the skin that may be soft or hard depending on location; caused by local pressure, friction, or both that irritates tissue over a body prominence, such as from ill-fitting shoescryosurgerytechnique of using subfreezing temperature (usually with liquid nitrogen) to produce well-demarcated areas of cell injury and destructioncutaneouspertaining to the skincystclosed sac that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid materialdebridementRemoval of foreign material or damaged or dead tissue, especially in a wound. It is used to promote healing and to prevent infectiondecubitus (decub) ulcerAn area of skin and tissue that becomes injured or broken down. Also known as a bedsore or pressure ulcer. The literal meaning of the word decubitus is a lying downdehiscencesurgical complication where there is separation or bursting open of a surgical wounddermabrasionSkin resurfacing procedure to remove acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles by using a rapidly rotating device to sand the outer layers of skindermatitisinflammation of the skindermatologista physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skindermatology (Derm)study of the skindermatomesurgical instrument used to produce thin slices of skin; also means an area of skin that is supplied by a single pair of dorsal roots or the portion of the embryonic mesoderm that gives rise to the dermisdermomycosisskin condition caused by a fungus; also called dermatomycosis or tineaecchymosisabnormal condition in which the blood seeps into the skin causing discolorations ranging from blue-black to greenish yellow; a bruiseeczemaan acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs and accompanied by intense itchingerythemaredness of the skin; may be caused by capillary congestion, inflammation, heat, sunlight, or cold temperatureerythrodermaabnormal redness of the skin occuring over widespread areas of the bodyescharslough, scabexcoriationabrasion of the epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, or burnsexudatean oozing of pus or serumfolliculitisinflammation of a follicle or folliclesgangreneliterally means an eating sore. It is a necrosis, or death, of tissue or bone that usually results from a deficient or absent blood supply to the area.herpes simplexan inflammatory skin disease caused by a herpes virushidradenitisinflammation of the sweat glandshiveseruption of itching and burning swellings on the skinhyperhidrosisabnormal condition of excessive sweatinghypodermicpertaining to under the skin or inserted under the skin, as a hypodermic injectionhypohidrosisabnormal condition of the inability to sweatictericpertaining to jaundiceimpetigoskin infection marked by vesicles or bullaeintegumentarycovering; the skin, consisting of the dermis and the epidermisintradermalpertaining to within the skinjaundiceyellow; a symptom of a disease in which there is excessive bile in the blood; the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes are yellow; icteruskeloidovergrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formationlentigoa flat, brownish spot on the skin sometimes caused by exposure to the sun and weather; freckleleukodermalocalized loss of pigmentation of the skinleukoplakiawhite spots or patches formed on the mucous membrane of the tongue or cheek; spots are smooth, hard, and irregular in shape and can become malignantlupusoriginally used to describe a destructive type of skin lesionmeasleshighly contagious illness caused by the rubeola virus, which replicates in the nose and throat of an infected child or adultmelanomacancer that develops in the pigment cells of the skin; malignant black mole or tumormiliariarash with tiny pinhead-sized papules, vesicles and/or pustules commonly seen in newborns and infants; prickly heatmolepigmented, elevated spot above the surface of the skin; a nevusonychiainflammation of the nail bed resulting in loss of nailonychomycosisa fungal infection of the nailspachydermaThick skin; also called pachydermiapanniculectomysurgical excision of fat cells in the superficial fascia; a body-contouring surgical procedure that removes hanging fat and skin, typically after massive weight loss; may be performed as a standalone procedure or combined with a tummy tuck (abdominoplasty)paronychiainfectious condition of the marginal structures around the nailpediculosiscondition of infestation with licepetechiaesmall, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skinpruritussevere itchingpsoriasischronic skin condition characterized by frequent episodes of redness, itching, and thick, dry scales on the skinpurpurapurplish discoloration of the skin caused by extravasation of blood into the tissuesrhytidoplastyplastic surgery for the removal of wrinklesrosaceaa chronic disease of the skin of the face marked by varying degrees of papules, pustules, erythema, telangiectasia, and hyperplasia of the soft tissues of the nose; usually occurs in middle-aged and older peopleroseolaany rose-colored rash marked by maculae or red spots on the skinrubellacontagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash; also called German measles and three-day measlesscabiescontagious skin disease characterized by papules, vesicles, pustules, burrows, and intense itching; caused by an arachnidscarmark left by the healing process of a wound, sore, or injurysclerodermachronic condition with hardening of the skin and other connective tissues of the bodyseborrheaexcessive flow (secretion) of oil from the sebaceous glandsseborrheic keratosiscondition occurring in older people wherein there is dry skin and localized scaling caused by excessive exposure to the sun. It usually appears as a brown, black, or light tan growth on the face, chest, shoulders, or back and has a waxy, scaly, slightly elevated appearance.sebumfatty or oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glandsskin signsobjective evidence of an illness or disordersquamous cell carcinoma (SCC)malignant tumor of squamous epithelial tissuestriaestreaks or lines on the breasts, thighs, abdomen, or buttocks caused by weakening of elastic tissuesubcutaneouspertaining to below the skinsubungualpertaining to below the nailtauttight, firm; to pull or draw tight a surface, such as the skintelangiectasiasmall dilated blood vessels that appear as small red or purple clusters, often spidery in appearance, and are visible near the surface of the skin; aka spider veinsthermoanesthesiainability to distinguish between the sensations of heat and coldtineacontagious skin diseases affecting both humans and domestic animals, caused by certain fungi and marked by the localized appearance of discolored, scaly patches on the skin; also called ringwormtrichomycosisfungal condition of the hairulceropen lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membranevaricellaa contagious viral disease characterized by fever, headache, and a crop of red spots that become mscules, papules, vesicles, and crusts; also called chickenpoxvitiligoskin condition characterized by milk-white patches surrounded by areas of normal pigmentationwarta skin lesion with a rough papillomatous surface on the epidermiswoundinjury to soft tissue caused by trauma; generally classified as open or closedxanthodermayellowness of the skinxanthomaliterally means yellow tumor; a soft, rounded plaque or nodule, usually on the eyelids, especially near the inner canthusxerodermadry skinxerosisabnormal dryness of skin, mucous membranes, or the conjunctiva