27 terms

Art History Terminology

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What is Dura Europus?
the Pompeii of the Desert
What is syncretism?
taking a pagan symbol and changing it to fit the Christian religion
What are the Catacombs?
tunnels and chambers where the children kept their dead
What are loculi?
slots for the dead
What are cubicula?
family plots in the catacombs
What are the two periods of the Early Christians?
Period of Persecution and Period of Recognition
What is the date of the Edict of Milan?
313
What is the date of the Council of Nicaea?
325
What did the Edict of Milan and the Council of Nicaea do for the Christians?
banned paganism; allowed Christianity to thrive; became the official religion of the empire
What does didactic mean?
to instruct and illustrate
What is a tesserae?
a mosaic tile
What is a pantomime gesture?
A story frozen in time and simplified
What is a headcluster?
An art device used to create the illusion of a large group without much detail
What is ceasaropapism?
idea that ruler is ceasar and pope
What is the iconostasis?
a curtain of images separating the nave from the sanctuary
What is a pantocrator?
Jesus depicted as a stern, judge of damnation
What is anastasis?
Christ descending to Hell
What does aniconic mean?
non figural decoration
What does arabesque mean?
abstraction
What is a mosque?
Islamic central-plan church
What is a sahn?
atrium or courtyard
What is a quibla wall?
wall that faces mecca
What is a Mihrab niche
Identifies the Quibla wall
What is a minbar?
pulpit
What is a madrasa?
an Islamic school
What is a mineret?
a tower
What are muqarnas?
a corbeled squinch