89 terms

2015 STAAR Biology Review

STAAR BIology Vocabulary
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Adjacent
Things that are near or close to each other but not necessarily touching.
Ancestry
Inherited properties shared with others of a bloodline.
Aquatic
A term that describes an organism associated with a water environment.
Biota
All the organisms that are part of an ecosystem.
Biotic
A term that describes a living or once-living organism in an ecosystem.
Browse
Looking through material or an area without focusing on one particular thing.
Characterized
Organized or identified by a unique quality or feature.
Colonize
The migration of a species into a new area.
Component
A part or element of a larger whole.
Conjunction
The joining together of two or more things.
Contraction
A pulling together, a shortening or shrinking, or a decrease in the volume of something when its tempeture falls.
Contribute
To give to or to be a part of the cause of something.
Denatured
An uncoiled, or unraveled protein such as an enzyme.The protein has lost its shape due to high temperatures or strong chemicals, its weak bonds have broken and the protein cannot perform its job, since it no longer "fits" with other molecules.
Depleted
To be emptied; drained; used up.
Detrimental
Causing damage or harm.
Detritus
Dead organic matter.
Diagnosed
To be examined or identified. When an illness or problem has been identified.
Differentiate
Distinguish, tell apart and recognize differences between two or more items or a process where a cell becomes specialized.
Disintegrate
To break into fragments or small pieces.
Disruption
Disturbance or problems which interrupt an event, activity, or process.
Distinguish
Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items.
Disturbance
An act that causes organisms to alter their position, arrangement, or behavior.
Diversity
A community property;a variety of different kinds of organisms that make up a community.
Elongate
To grow in length, become longer; to extend the length.
Enable
To make possible or allow something to happen.
Endemic
Commonly found in a particular region or among a particular people.
Enzyme
A protein serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that changes the rate of a reaction without being consumed by the reaction.
Eradicate
To remove or destroy completely.
Essential
Something that is absolutely necessary.
Eukaryote
An organism having one cell or cells with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
Evidence
Anything that tends to establish or disprove a fact or theory.
Excessive
Beyond what is usual, proper, or necessary; too great; extreme.
Extraction
Used to separate two compounds or to remove a desired product from a reaction mixture.
Familial
Tending to effect members of the same family or genetically related organisms.
Gene expression
Process by which information contained in genes is decoded to produce other molecules that determine the traits of organisms.
Gene flow
Movement of genes into or out of a population, often the result of migration.
Genetic drift
Change in a gene pool of a small population due to chance.
Genome
Complete genetic code found in an individual.
Graze
To feed on growing grass.
Hypothesize
To reach a conclusion based on an assumption or something not proven. To suggest an outcome or explanation that can be tested in an experiment.
Ideal
The perfect or best possible conditions.
Immune
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other harmful invaders.
Immunodeficiency
A condition in which a person's ability to fight infectious disease is compromised or entirely absent. Immune function is incompletely developed, suppressed or destroyed.
Immunological
How the immune system keeps records of past attacks to be better prepared for future attacks.
Incidence
New cases or occurences identified over a specific period of time
Incubate
To maintain a favorable environment for growth.
Indicator
A chemical used to detect the presence of another substance in a sample.
Indigenous
Living, growing, or produced naturally in a particular place; native.
Inhibit
To prevent from doing something or to prevent from happening.
Lethal
Causing, or capable of causing, death.
Locomotion
The act or power of moving from one place to another.
Maintain
To continue in the same way or condition.
Maintenance
The work of keeping something in proper condition; a means of maintaining or supporting.
Manipulate
Control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage.
Mechanism
A natural or established process by which something takes place or is brought about.
Metabolized
The series of chemical alterations of a compound that occur within the body, such as by enzymatic activity.
Micro-organism
Microscopic-sized organisms, like bacteria, viruses or fungi.
Migrate
Move from one region or habitat to another.
Native
An organism that has occupied a particular area for a long period of time.
Native species
Species that normally live and thrive in a particular ecosystem.
Obstruct
To block passage through or to stop the movement of something.
Occupy
To live in; to take up, To take over by force.
Optimal
The most favorable condition in regard to an environmental factor.
Pathogen
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
Pathogenic
Something that is capable of causing disease.
Phloem
A specialized tissue in plants that is used to transport dissolved sugars and other substances.
Potential
Energy that is stored and held in readiness.
Primative
Early stages of development; having to do with early times; long ago; very simple; first of a kind
Process
A series of actions or steps taken to achieve an end.
Projections
An estimate or forecast of a future situation or trend based on a study of present ones.
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Regulate
To control according to an established set of rules or regulations.
Reservoir
A place where something is kept in store
Resistant
Having the ability to fight against
Secrete
Produce and release a substance from a cell or gland of the body for a functional purpose
Sediment
A type of rock, such as limestone, that is most likely to contain fossils and is formed when layers of sand, silt, clay, or mud are cemented and compacted together or when minerals are deposited from a solution
Segregation
The separation of paired alleles during meiosis so that members of each pair of alleles appear in different gametes
Sequence
An arrangement in which things follow a pattern; in genetics, this refers to the bases of DNA, in order
Stimulate
To make more active
Strain
A variation within a species as a result of mutations or changes in metabolism.
Succeed
To follow, come after, or to prosper and do well.
Succession
The gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
Suspect
Not able to be trusted; suspicious
Taxonomy
A scientific discipline concerned with naming and classifying the diverse forms of life.
Thrive
To do well; to grow strong and healthy.
Unregulated
Uncontrolled rate of growth or development
Valid
Whether something measures what it is designed to measure.
Variant
Something that differs slightly from others of its kind
Xylem
Plant tissue that transports water and minerals from the roots to the leaves / flowers