2015 STAAR Biology Review
STAAR BIology Vocabulary
Terms in this set (89)
Things that are near or close to each other but not necessarily touching.
Inherited properties shared with others of a bloodline.
A term that describes an organism associated with a water environment.
All the organisms that are part of an ecosystem.
A term that describes a living or once-living organism in an ecosystem.
Looking through material or an area without focusing on one particular thing.
Organized or identified by a unique quality or feature.
The migration of a species into a new area.
A part or element of a larger whole.
The joining together of two or more things.
A pulling together, a shortening or shrinking, or a decrease in the volume of something when its tempeture falls.
To give to or to be a part of the cause of something.
An uncoiled, or unraveled protein such as an enzyme.The protein has lost its shape due to high temperatures or strong chemicals, its weak bonds have broken and the protein cannot perform its job, since it no longer "fits" with other molecules.
To be emptied; drained; used up.
Causing damage or harm.
Dead organic matter.
To be examined or identified. When an illness or problem has been identified.
Distinguish, tell apart and recognize differences between two or more items or a process where a cell becomes specialized.
To break into fragments or small pieces.
Disturbance or problems which interrupt an event, activity, or process.
Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items.
An act that causes organisms to alter their position, arrangement, or behavior.
A community property;a variety of different kinds of organisms that make up a community.
To grow in length, become longer; to extend the length.
To make possible or allow something to happen.
Commonly found in a particular region or among a particular people.
A protein serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that changes the rate of a reaction without being consumed by the reaction.
To remove or destroy completely.
Something that is absolutely necessary.
An organism having one cell or cells with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
Anything that tends to establish or disprove a fact or theory.
Beyond what is usual, proper, or necessary; too great; extreme.
Used to separate two compounds or to remove a desired product from a reaction mixture.
Tending to effect members of the same family or genetically related organisms.
Process by which information contained in genes is decoded to produce other molecules that determine the traits of organisms.
Movement of genes into or out of a population, often the result of migration.
Change in a gene pool of a small population due to chance.
Complete genetic code found in an individual.
To feed on growing grass.
To reach a conclusion based on an assumption or something not proven. To suggest an outcome or explanation that can be tested in an experiment.
The perfect or best possible conditions.
The body's defense against infectious organisms and other harmful invaders.
A condition in which a person's ability to fight infectious disease is compromised or entirely absent. Immune function is incompletely developed, suppressed or destroyed.
How the immune system keeps records of past attacks to be better prepared for future attacks.
New cases or occurences identified over a specific period of time
To maintain a favorable environment for growth.
A chemical used to detect the presence of another substance in a sample.
Living, growing, or produced naturally in a particular place; native.
To prevent from doing something or to prevent from happening.
Causing, or capable of causing, death.
The act or power of moving from one place to another.
To continue in the same way or condition.
The work of keeping something in proper condition; a means of maintaining or supporting.
Control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage.
A natural or established process by which something takes place or is brought about.
The series of chemical alterations of a compound that occur within the body, such as by enzymatic activity.
Microscopic-sized organisms, like bacteria, viruses or fungi.
Move from one region or habitat to another.
An organism that has occupied a particular area for a long period of time.
Species that normally live and thrive in a particular ecosystem.
To block passage through or to stop the movement of something.
To live in; to take up, To take over by force.
The most favorable condition in regard to an environmental factor.
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
Something that is capable of causing disease.
A specialized tissue in plants that is used to transport dissolved sugars and other substances.
Energy that is stored and held in readiness.
Early stages of development; having to do with early times; long ago; very simple; first of a kind
A series of actions or steps taken to achieve an end.
An estimate or forecast of a future situation or trend based on a study of present ones.
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
To control according to an established set of rules or regulations.
A place where something is kept in store
Having the ability to fight against
Produce and release a substance from a cell or gland of the body for a functional purpose
A type of rock, such as limestone, that is most likely to contain fossils and is formed when layers of sand, silt, clay, or mud are cemented and compacted together or when minerals are deposited from a solution
The separation of paired alleles during meiosis so that members of each pair of alleles appear in different gametes
An arrangement in which things follow a pattern; in genetics, this refers to the bases of DNA, in order
To make more active
A variation within a species as a result of mutations or changes in metabolism.
To follow, come after, or to prosper and do well.
The gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
Not able to be trusted; suspicious
A scientific discipline concerned with naming and classifying the diverse forms of life.
To do well; to grow strong and healthy.
Uncontrolled rate of growth or development
Whether something measures what it is designed to measure.
Something that differs slightly from others of its kind
Plant tissue that transports water and minerals from the roots to the leaves / flowers