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cpt chap 22 and 23

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Axillary nodes
lymph nodes located in the armpit
splenectomy
excision of the spleen
splenoportography
radiographic procedure to allow visualiztion of the splenic and portal veins of the spleen
allogenic
of the same species, but genetically different
thoracic duct
collection and distribution point for lymph and the largest lymph vessel located in the chest
retroperitoneal
behind the sac holding the abdominal organs and viscera (peritoneum)
jugular nodes
lymph nodes located next to the large vein in the neck
cystic hygroma
congenital deformity or benign tumor of the lymphatic system
Cloquet's node
also called a gland; it is the highest of the deep groin lymph nodes
Inguinofemoral
term that refers to the groin and thigh
Cannulation
insertion of a tube into a duct or cavity
Abscess
localizaton of pus
Autologous, autogenous
from oneself
aspiration
use of a needle and syringe to withdraw fluid
stem cell
immature blood cells
transplantation
grafting of tissue from one source to another
lymph node
station along the lymphatic system
lymphadenitis
inflammation of a lymph node
lymphangiotomy
incision into a lymphatic vessel
lymphadenectomy
excision of a lymph node ( or nodes )
Mediastinum
The area between the lungs that contains the heart, aorta, trachea, lymph nodes, thymus gland, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.
diaphragm
muscular wall that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
mediastinotomy
cutting into the mediastinum
fundoplasty
repair of the bottom of an organ or muscle
pyloroplasty
incision and repair of the phyloric channel
diaphragmatic hernia
hernia of the diaphragm
mediastinoscopy
use of an endoscope inserted through a small incision to view the mediastinum.
imbrication
overlapping
transthoracic
across the thorax
transabdominal
across the abdomen
paraesophageal hiatus hernia
hernia that is near the esophagus
gastroplasty
operation on the stomach for repair or reconfiguration.
vagotomy
surgical separation of the vagus nerve.
Gloss-
prefix meaning tongue
gastro-
prefix meaning stomach
anastomosis
surgical connection of two tubular structures, such as two pieces of the intestine.
hernia
organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it.
gastrointestinal
pertaining to the stomach and intestine.
ostomy
artifical opening
colostomy
artificial opening between the colon and the abdominal wall.
ileostomy
artificial opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall
jejunostomy
artificial opening between the jejunum and the abdominal wall.
gastrostomy
artificial opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall.
proctosigmoidoscopy
endoscopic examination of the sigmoid colon and rectum
sigmoidoscopy
endoscopic examination of the entire rectum and sigmoid colon that may include a portion of the descending colon.
colonoscopy
endoscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum.
cholangiography
radiographic recording of the bile ducts
chole-
prefix meaning bile
hepa-
prefix meaning liver
incarcerated
regarding hernias, a cnostricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine.
reducible
able to be corrected or put back into a normal position
spleen
initiates an immune response, filters and removes bacteria from the bloodstream and destroys worn out blood cells.
marrow or blood cell transplant
is a treatment for patients with blood disease, such as leukemia or lymphoma
bone marrow aspiration
a procedure in which a sample of bone marrow is taken by means of a needle that is inserted into the marrow cavity.
limited lymphadenectomy
is the removal of the lymph nodes only
phrenic nerve
another name for the diaphragmatic nerve
endoscope
is use to performed to view the esophagus and stomach are performed with this instrument
diagnostic endoscopy
type of endoscopy is always included in a surgical endoscopy and would therefore never be reported separately