1. People have the potential to be:
Rational, self-preserving, creative, functional and to use metathought.
Irrational, self-destructive, short-range hedonists, dysfunctional.
2. Culture and family can perpetuate irrational thinking.
3. Humans perceive, think, emote and behave simultaneously.
4. All psychotherapies are not equally effective.
5. A warm therapeutic relationship is not a necessary or sufficient condition for change.
6. REBT uses whatever techniques work; focus is not symptom-removal but real cognitive change.
7. Neurotic thinking is the result of unrealistic, illogical thinking.
8. The causes of an individual's problems are not the events that have happened, but how the individual perceives them.
9. There is an element between stimulus and response; it is thought and emotional response.
Information is processed through networks of cognitive, affective, motivational, and behavioral schemas.
Primal modes are evolutionary-based, universal, tied to survival (e.g. anxiety) and operational almost continuously in some cases (e.g. personality disorders) while other modes are minor and under conscious control.
Primal modes include primal thinking, which is rigid, absolute, automatic, and biased.
Conscious intentions can override primal thinking.
Automatic thoughts influence not only one's emotional response, but also one's behavioral and physiological responses.