APUSH Chapter 3 terms
Terms in this set (27)
Monarchs whose power is limited by the will of Parliament.
newer name of "joint-stock" colonies organized and chartered as corporations by the King; Massachusetts Bay; Plymouth; Connecticut; New Haven; Rhode Island.
Dominion of New England
Colony that formed when King James II revoked the charters of most of the New England colonies, and forced them together into the Dominion, and put Edmund Andros in charge as governor; would have ended colonial self-government; came to nothing with the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
Governor of the Dominion of New England put in charge by James II. when James was overthrown in GB, he was overthrown as well and colonies were restored to their state pre-Dominion.
A refined but elaborate lifestyle; acting polite, having good etiquette, etc. Mostly practiced by the upper class who had money to support such a lifestyle. Modeled after the English elite's way of life, which was ironic since the English thought the colonists were inferior
Revolution in which James II was overthrown and William and Mary were put in charge by Parliament, and forced to sign the Declaration of Rights putting Parliament in charge of legislation and execution of laws -->"constitutional monarchy"; no man is above the law--including the King.
Leader of the rebellion in New York against the Dominion of New England. initially received much support, but later turned on and hanged.
Enlightenment thinker ("America's philosopher") and author of Two Treatises of Government. Believed that humans have the right to self government and the right to Life, liberty, and property. And that there are legal restraints on the power of both King and Parliament; right of revolution against governments abusive of rights of citizens.
The banks established by 10 colonial assemblies to lend paper money to farmers who used land as collateral for the loan. These banks were eventually outlawed by Parliament in the Currency Act, which prohibited the use of paper money.
The Atlantic trade route that brought slaves from Africa to the americas. Slaves were shipped across the atlantic from africa to the West Indies and america in extremely overcrowded ships, little to eat or drink, and no proper restroom, so they ended up living in their own excrement.
English laws that stated the colonies were only allowed to sell goods to England on English ships
The practice of giving offices and bribes to political allies to create a strong Court.
Land granted to a Lord Proprietor who could rule the land as they wished, as long as they were in accordance with the laws from England; Carolinas; Jersey; New York; Pennsylvania ("Restoration Colonies"--since they were created during the English Restoration after King Charles II was restored to the throne after the end of the Puritan Commonwealth).
The act of paying Native American tribes to fight wars for a country; this was often used by the French and the English, especially during their conflicts in the late 17th and early 18th century.
A group of settlers who were extreme pacifists and believe that god had imbued all men and women with an "inner light." They were notoriously "rude" in the eyes of most Englishmen because they refused to make a show of "deference" to those who were their social superiors. The younger Penn designed Pennsylvania as a place for Quakers to live
Political figure in britain who practiced patronage, and in turn filled the British government with political officials who had no idea what they were doing; salutary neglect was a byproduct of this. Additionally, he weakened the empire by decreasing the legitimacy of the political system. Practiced patronage (putting political allies in office)
The selective ignorance of Navigation Acts enforcement.
Second Hundred Years' War
Term used by historians' to describe the centuries long struggle between UK and France for power in Europe and the New World, starting in 1652 and ending at Waterloo in 1815.
South Atlantic System
The group of South Atlantic European colonies that produced sugar, tobacco, rice, and other products for the international market. It was centered in Brazil/West Indies. The South Atlantic System really is closest related to the sugar islands and their production of sugar, and in turn transforming the sugar islands into slave plantations.
Farmers with medium sized land holdings and about 25-50 slaves; many were planter-merchants, serving as agents of tobacco firms for the local farmers; lowered anger of poor whites by lowering taxes and hiring out slaves when needed; extended some voting privileges to poor whites
Stono Slave Rebellion
This 1739 South Carolina rebellion when 75 slaves rose up and killed a number of whites on the Stono river when England was at war with Spain. They were eventually put down when a larger force confronted them
The regrouping of the decreasing Native American population into new, larger tribes. The Iroquois, Catawbas, and Creeks became slightly more powerful as Native Americans came together; gave them bargaining power with the Europeans.
William Byrd II
son of an upper class colonist who is sent to England for his education, and finds himself bullied/ looked down on because he was not born on the island. denied a position on the board of trade because of this, and an englishwoman rejected his courting proposal, all due to his colonist status.
William of Orange
invited by the English Parliament to rule England (because he's Protestant, James II was being openly Catholic and would have had a Catholic heir; also, William's wife is a daughter of James) as Constitutional Monarch. The motion is the Glorious Revolution. The Effects on America is that it caused substantial revolution in the colonies (breaking up the Dominion of New England, making Maryland a royal colony) based on the example shown by the British. With a new era starting in Britain under the constitutional monarchs, the colonies gained substantial autonomy as the British pursued a more mercantilist and economic approach.
William Penn (Older and Younger)
Charles II was indebted to William Penn (Older) and when he passed away William Penn (Younger) later cashed in on this IOU so Charles II gave him land in present day Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey (eventually)
William Penn & Pennsylvania
King Charles II made a huge grant of land to William Penn's father; the colony was marked by unity of purpose; the Quakers practiced a simple form of faith where all believers (male and female; black and white) were equal in the eyes of God; there was toleration of all Christian denominations; they entered into legal negotiations for the purchase of their land for settlement; all holding men could vote and hold office; attracted many thousands of German Pietists ("Pennsylvania Dutch")
Farmers with small land holdings who were able to feed their own families from their own land and animals. Owned few or no slaves.