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29 terms

quiz 24 chapter 11

pages 267-277
STUDY
PLAY
classic periodcivilizations in mesoamerica were built on the political foundation of which early civilization?
Olmec
Mesoamerican classic period political and cultural innovations were based on
the ability of elites to control laborers and soldiers
the larges city in the americas in 450-600 was
teotihuacan
Quetzalcoatl was
the feathered serpent god
how did mesoamericans view the practice of human sacrifice
they viewed it as essential to the well being of society
Chinampas were "floating gardens" that
allowed year-round farming and population growth.
what kind of housing did the common people in cities live in
apartment like stone buildings
the two most important crafts produced by Teotihuacan's crafts industry were
pottery and obsidiian.
Teotihuacan was ruled by
an alliance of eliete families.
how was the Mayan political state organized?
rival kingdoms or city-states
Which of the following was not a strategy employed by the Maya to provide food for the population during the classical period
practicing swidden agriculture
maya monumental archituecture took advantage of
the alignment of the sun and Venus
Why did Mayan leaders spill their own blood
to communicate with the gods and ancestors
in the classic era, Maya military forces primarliy fought to secure
captives
what was the role of Maya women of the ruling class?
they played important roles in political and religious ceremonies
which of the following is not one of the roles believed that women of the lower classes fulfilled?
they ere preferred sacrifical victims
Maya contirbutions include the
calendar
maya contibutions to mathematics include
the concept of zero and place value
the toltecs had unique political and military success by creating a "conquest state" based on
military power
the Toltecs' capital city was
Tula
The Aztecs were also known as the
Mexica
Aztec socieyt can be described as
clan-based
which is not among the attributes that signaled inequality in wealth and privilege in Aztec society?
the nobility were buried in enormous pyramids
the aztecs met the challenges of feeding a growing population by
building a land reclamation project featuring a dike and chinampas
Aztec gods
were male and female
The Aztec god that was the focus of the cult of the hummng bird was called
Huitzilopochtli
The twin temples of Tenochtitlan symbolize the two bases of Aztec economy,
war and agriculture
as sacrificial victims, Aztecs preferred
war captives
Teotihuacan was a commercial and religious center that
the elite class used as a base of wealth and status