World History - Ch. 6 French Revolution and Napoleon

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Ancien Regime
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Terms in this set (37)
DirectoryGroup of five men who served as liaisons between Robespierre and the Assembly. Overthrown by Napoleon.Elbasmall, Mediteranean island the Napoleon got exiled toEstates Generalassembly of the estates of all FranceFirst EstateThe first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.Girodinsecond political fraction, moderates, suppoerts a constitutional monarchy; resisted extremes on either sideGreat Fearthe fear that the king would punish the people involved in the Storming of the BastilleGuillotineinstrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical polesJacobinsRadical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.Jean Paul MaratFrench revolutionary leader (born in Switzerland) who was a leader in overthrowing the Girondists and was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday (1743-1793)Legislative assemblyreplaced National Assembly; took away most of king's powerLouis XVI- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.Marie Antoinettequeen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)Maximillien RobespierreYoung provincial lawyer who led the most radical phases of the French Revolution. His execution ended the Reign of Terror.Montagnardsalso known as the "Mountain". members of the radical faction within the Jacobin party who advocated the centralization of state power during the French Revolution and instituted the Reign of TerrorNapoleonA French general, political leader, and emperor of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Rose swiftly through the ranks of army and government during and after the French Revolution and crowned himself emperor in 1804. He conquered much of Europe but lost two-thirds of his army in a disastrous invasion of Russia. After his final loss to Britain and Prussia at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled to the island of Elba.Napoleonic CodeThis was the civil code put out by Napoleon that granted equality of all male citizens before the law and granted absolute security of wealth and private property. Napoleon also secured this by creating the Bank of France which loyally served the interests of both the state and the financial oligarchyNational AssemblyFrench Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789.National Conventionended monarchy, procaimed France a republic, tried and executed Louis XVINationalisma sense of identity and unity as a people, Napoleon helped fuel the spread of thisOld Orderthe political and social system in place in France before the RevolutionPlebiscitea direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposalReign of Terrorthe historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executedRights of Man and CitizenThe new government wrote a document similar to the Declaration of Independence called the _________Second EstateThe second class of French society made up of the noblilityTennis Court OathDeclaration mainly by members of the Third Estate not to disband until they had drafted a constitution for France (June 20, 1789).Third Estate98% of the population made up of Bourgeoisie, San Cullotes, and the Peasent FarmersWaterlooa Belgian village, battle between Britain and Napoleon, crushing defeat for Napoleon, end of his military career and the Napoleonic Wars