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23 terms

Science

Earth changing surface
STUDY
PLAY
What can mechanical weathering be caused by?
pressure, ice, wind, plants, or gravity
________________ weathers more slowly than ____________________
granite, lime stone
What type of dirt is fertile and soft?
top soil
What type of dirt is less fertile and harder?
subsoil
What type of dirt is not fertile and very hard?
bedrock
What are subsoil's characteristics?
less fertile and harder
What are topsoil's characteristics?
fertile and soft
What are bedrock's characteristics?
not fertile and very hard
What are the three layers of Earth in order from outside to inside?
crust, mantle, and the core
What is the tool that scientist use to record earthquake waves?
seismograph
What was the last name of the man who noticed that the continents fit together like a jigsaw puzzle?
Bacon
What name was given to the super continent?
Pangea
What makes up the top part of the crust and the mantle?
lithosphere
What kind of plate boundary creates mountains?
converging
What do earthquakes happen at?
faults
What is the place on Earth's surface above the focus called?
epicenter
What are small pieces of weathered rocks called?
sediment
What does a combination of ________________ and _______________ make?
carbon dioxide, rain, Carbonic acid
What are Earth's layers?
Crust, mantle, core
The crust is the ___________ and ___________layer
top, thinnest
The mantle is ___________ _____ ___________ _________
most of Earth's material
What is the top part of the mantle?
solid, hot rock
Rock can flow like a____________ due to high ___________and __________________
liquid, tempurature, pressure