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26 terms

Reconstruction Vocab

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Radical Republicans
congressmen who favored using federal power to rebuild the South and promote African-American rights
Reconstruction
period from 1865 to 1877 in which the U.S. Government attempted to rebuild Southern society and government
Freedmen's Bureau
federal agency set up to help former enslaved people
Andrew Johnson
Democrat who became president after Lincoln was assassinated
black codes
laws that limited the freedom of former enslaved people
14th Amendment
constitutional amendment that made all people born in the U.S. (including former slaves) citizens
scalawag
white Southern who supported Radical Reconstruction
carpetbagger
Northerner who went to the South after the Civil War to participate in Reconstruction
amnesty
offical pardon
civil rights
rights guaranteed to all citizens
impeach
to formally accuse the president of misconduct in office
veto
to prevent from becoming a law
freedmen's school
school set up to educate newly freed African-Americans
sharecropping
system under which landowners gave poor farmers seeds, tools, and land to cultivate in exchange for part of their harvest
Ku Klux Klan
secret group that used violence to try to restore Democratic control of the South and keep African-Americans powerless
lynch
to kill without a trial
plantation
large farm that raises cash crops
15th Amendment
constitutional amendment that stated that citizens could not be stopped from voting "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
Panic of 1873
financial panic in which banks closed and the stock market crashed
Compromise of 1877
agreement that decided the 1876 presidential election
stock market
place where share of ownership in companies are bought and sold
depression
time of low business activity and high unemployment
compromise
settlement of differences in which each side gives up something it wants
Ulysses S. Grant
former Union general
electoral votes
votes made by the members of the Electoral College, which elects the president and vice president
amendment
former alteration or addition to the U.S. Constitution