HBSE 2 Chapter 11
Terms in this set (62)
A small collection of individuals who interact with each other, perceive themselves as belonging to a group, are interdependent, join together to accomplish a goal, fulfill a need through joint association, or are influenced by a set of rules and norms
A recognized social work method that involves teaching and practicing social work with groups
A formed group that uses an intensive group format to promote growth in its members and to assist its members in resolving emotional and behavioral problems
Uses group modality to assist individuals to resolve emotional and behavioral problems; typically led by a trained clinician or psychotherapist; typically small in size; can last for any amount of time
Uses mutual aid processes to create a helping environment within the group milieu; typically led by a facilitator who may be a professional or a layperson trained to lead the group and may or may not have experienced the issue; can be small or large; can last any amount of time
Focuses on the provision of information about an experience or problem; typically led by a trained professional who is knowledgeable about the subject; can be large or small; may be offered regularly or one time
Uses the commonality of the problem or issue to build social support among members; typically led by a layperson who has experience with the problem; group size is not limited; can last any amount of time
Created to accomplish a specific task or to advocate around a particular social issue or problem; these groups may be led by a professional or nonprofessional and may be elected or appointed; often limited in size, but can be larger; meet until the task or the desired social change has been accomplished
Brief Treatment Model
A type of practice modality characterized by a brief time period for intervention and practice techniques that are solution focused
Mutual Aid Group
A formed group of persons who utilize the support, encouragement, and feedback from other persons in the group to work on certain problems they have in common
A formed group that is focused on providing information and support concerning a particular problem area or issue; such groups usually meet over only a short period of time
A formed group, which may or may not be professionally led, composed of persons who share a common life situation
A group formed for the purpose of accomplishing a specific goal or objective
A group that is formed for a specific purpose
A group that occurs naturally, without external initiative, such as a group of peers or coworkers
A natural or formed group that is set up without a particular time limit and that meets until the group is disbanded
A natural or formed group whose members or leader establish a certain length of time that they will meet as a group
A natural or formed group that includes any person who would like to become a member; a natural or formed group that accepts persons who meet the group's criteria after the group has begun and throughout its existence
A natural or formed group that is open to certain persons and closed to others based on such characteristics as age, gender, geographic location, or type of problem/issue; a natural or formed group that opens its membership for certain time period and then closes the group when the ideal number of members has been reached or the time period has elapsed
It is open to any person who self-identifies with the group
Group that is the same in one or a few areas; tend to build commitment more quickly, offer more immediate support to members, and have better attendance and less conflict
What are heterogeneous groups better for?
Long-term intensive interactional group therapy
What are homogeneous groups better for?
Support or symptomatic relief over a brief period; For individuals with monosymptomatic complaints of for the noncompliant patient
Focuses on the relationship between the emotional unconscious processes and the rational processes of interpersonal interaction
Symbolic Interaction Theory
Humans are symbol-using creatures. We make meaning of the world by interacting with others through symbols - words, gestures, and objects.
Status Characteristics and Expectation States Theory
A theory of basic group process that assumes that the influence and participation of group members during initial interactions are related to their status and to expectation others hold about their ability to help the group accomplish tasks; People rely on their stereotypes in the absence of proof that those characteristics are irrelevant
In status characteristics and expectation states theory, any characteristics that are evaluated in the broader society to be associated with competence
The expectations group members have of other group members in terms of how they will act or behave in the group or how well they will perform a task
Diffuse Status Characteristics
The power and prestige of group members are correlated with their status in the external world, regardless of their specific characteristics relative to the task at hand
Power is a social commodity; Human interaction can be understood in terms of rewards and costs; Social power is what determines who gets valued resources in groups and whether those resources are perceived as being distributed in a just manner
A theory of small groups that proposes that in the process of social identity development, we come to divide the world into in-groups and out-groups and to be biased toward in-groups
Those to which we belong; have the greatest influence on us
Those to which we do not belong
Identify what goes on in groups and how those processes affect group members and their interactions; Focus on interactions among group members rather than creating norms for development
The patterns of interaction that emerge in groups, including group leadership, roles, and communication networks
Instillation of Hope
Confidence and optimism in the ability of the group and individual members to resolve issues and grow
Sense that others share similar problems and feelings and that one is not alone
Imparting of Information
Leader's and group members' sharing of information and guidance around problems and concerns
Benefits experienced when one realizes that one has helped another person
Corrective Recapitulation of Primary Family Group
Experience of relationship patterns like those in one's family of origin while learning different approaches to relationships
Development of Socializing Techniques
Examination of patterns of interacting with others and acquisition of new social skills
Observation of how other group members handle their problems and feelings and recognition of how those methods apply to one's own situation
Process of learning about oneself through interaction with others
Sense of belonging that group members have and sense of acceptance and support they feel in the group
Sharing of deep and sometimes painful emotions with nonjudgmental acceptance from group members
Search for meaning and purpose in one's life
A leader who facilitates problem solving within the context of the group
A leader who identifies and manages group relationships
Appointed or elected to lead the group by virtue of such characteristics as their position in the organization or community and their interests or expertise in relation to the group's focus
May emerge in groups where no formal leader exists or in ones where formal leaders are estabilshed
The organization and pattern of communication among group members
May be used to depict the physical arrangement of these communication channels
A special type of task group composed of professionals representing a variety of disciplines; it may also include consumers or clients
A process whereby different professionals coordinate problem solving for a common purpose
What are the characteristics of successful teams?
They have clear and motivating goals, are structured in a way to facilitate goal accomplishment, have the right number and mix of competent members, have a collaborative and respectful climate, have high standards of excellence, have organizational support and adequate resources for goal accomplishment, and have effective leadership.
A process of influenceing a group to achieve a common goal
What types of groups were there during settlement houses?
Task groups and educational groups for the community
What philosophy of groups were there during WWII?
Shifted at looking at people strengths to focus on problem solution
What philosophy of groups were there during 1960s and 1970s?
Focused on teaching group work
What philosophy of groups were there during 1980s and 1990s?
A lot of mutual aid groups
What philosophy of groups are there today?
Managed care; groups are seen as a fantastic way to interact with people
Stage Theories and Models
Show the ways groups come together and develop
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