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music
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The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music-making.
True
Of the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the Middle Ages?
Cervantes's Don Quixote
The early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance.
True
Of the following, which does NOT represent the thinking of the Renaissance?
an exclusively religious orientation
Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance?
the writing of the Magna Carta
Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas.
True
The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads.
False
The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is A-A-B.
False
In the early Middle Ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic modes.
True
In what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?
Mass Proper
Which of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvères?
the rebirth of classical learning
Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli is a ballade for three voices.
False
Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony.
True
Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music.
False
The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is:
the sackbut
What is a cantus firmus?
A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.
The Renaissance motet became a sacred form with a single Latin text.
True
Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
a cantus firmus.
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
Chansons
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:
Word painting.
The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word painting, is a hallmark of:
the madrigal
Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?
ronde
The text in Arcadelt's madrigal Il bianco e dolce cigno has levels of meanings, some of which are erotic.
True
The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal.
True
Why was the art music of the Middle Ages predominantly religious?
The church patronized music extensively.
The late Middle Ages witnessed:
the building of great cathedrals.
the founding of universities.
the rise of the bourgeoisie.
What characterizes humanism?
thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, and independence from traditional and religion
The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government was:
Charlemagne.
Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular.
False
What is the primary language of the Mass?
Latin
The early polyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called:
motet
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:
syllabic.
Of the following, which does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister?
center of trade and commerce
__________ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church.
Pope Gregory
Improvisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages.
True
Bas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages.
False
Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:
the Ars nova.
Sumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?
round
The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
Guillaume de Machaut
Which of the following make up the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music?
Imitative
Josquin's career centered exclusively in his native France.
False
Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed?
Josquin.
How does the Renaissance motet differ from its medieval predecessor?
It had only one text in Latin.
Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so special?
They brought a new level of expression to the madrigal
Where was the madrigal first developed?
Italy
Madrigals with simple, pastoral, and often humorous texts were especially favored in:
England
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
the shawm
The sixteenth-century chanson clung to the fixed meters of the fifteenth-century chanson.
False
The Renaissance first came to flower in France.
False
Although feudal society was male dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary.
True
The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music-making.
True
Renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
as professional orchestral conductors.
Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.
False
Hildegard of Bingen was a leader of the Notre Dame school of early polyphony.
False
The Notre Dame style of polyphony, in which the tenor line was based on a preexisting chant melody and the upper voice moved freely (and more rapidly), was called:
organum
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
the Ordinary.
The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads.
False
Polyphony required the development of:
rhythmic modes.
Bas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages.
False
An end-blown flute with a breathy tone is called:
a recorder.
Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony.
True
Although the "learned" vocal music of medieval church and court was routinely written down, much instrumental music was improvised.
True
Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music.
True
Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent?
to use more instruments to embellish church music
After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as:
the Counter-Reformation.
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
Palestrina
The Council of Trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century.
True
The Introit is the first movement of the Ordinary of the Mass.
False
Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?
Antwerp
England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form.
True
Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression.
True
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
the shawm
Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments such as recorders and strings.
True
Of the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the Middle Ages?
Cervantes's Don Quixote
Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance?
the writing of the Magna Carta
All of the following were Renaissance artists EXCEPT:
Goya.
Of the following, which does NOT represent the thinking of the Renaissance?
an exclusively religious orientation
Renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
as professional orchestral conductors.
Which religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix?
the Virgin Mary
Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:
neumes.
The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is A-A-B.
False
Which of the following does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?
Triadic Harmonies
A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic.
False
Which of the following does NOT characterize Puis qu'en oubli?
It has a monophonic texture.
The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
Guillaume de Machaut
Who composed the chanson Puis qu'en oubli?
Machaut
Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:
Soft or loud
Which of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvères?
the rebirth of classical learning
What is the musical basis of Josquin's Ave Maria . . . virgo serena?
a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then freely composed
The text of Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is:
in praise of the Virgin Mary.
The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words.
False
Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther
Which section of the Ordinary of the Mass is a confession of faith?
the Credo
Of the following, which does NOT characterize secular music-making in the Renaissance?
Women were not allowed to perform music professionally
During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered highly improper for ladies.
False
Only professional musicians performed secular music in the Renaissance.
False
The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal.
True
Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments such as recorders and strings.
True
The late Middle Ages witnessed:
the building of great cathedrals.
the founding of universities.
the rise of the bourgeoisie.
The knowledge of early civilizations and the culture of the Middle Ages were preserved largely in monasteries.
True
Why was the art music of the Middle Ages predominantly religious?
The church patronized music extensively.
Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.
False
The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government was:
Charlemagne.
An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.
True
Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?
There is no harmony.
The order of church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy.
True
Hildegard of Bingen wrote both the poetry and the music for Alleluia, O virga mediatrix.
True
The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:
the Proper.
What is the form of a rondeau?
A-B-a-A-a-b-A-B
Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music.
False
Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:
the Ars nova.
The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the:
chanson
Early songs in Latin, such as those in Carmina burana, were created by:
students in university towns.
Of the following, what describes the intended performance practice for the Pope Marcellus Mass?
It would have been sung by an all-male choir with boy sopranos or male falsettos.
The first section of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy in A-B-A form, is called:
the Kyrie.
The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices.
True
Like the Renaissance motet, a polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus.
True
The Renaissance motet became a sacred form with a single Latin text.
True
The sixteenth century saw a blossoming of instrumental dance music.
True
Which of the following does NOT characterize the dances published by Susato?
irregular phrase lengths
Unlike Italian madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word painting.
False
The sixteenth-century chanson clung to the fixed meters of the fifteenth-century chanson.
False
Madrigals with simple, pastoral, and often humorous texts were especially favored in:
England
During the Middle Ages, the status of women:
was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music.
What characterizes humanism?
thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, and independence from traditional and religion
The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state.
False
Why is Renaissance painting considered to be more realistic than medieval painting?
Renaissance painters created a perspective that made it possible to see the whole simultaneously.
The two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and:
newly formed centralized governments led by kings.
The modes served as the basis for European art music for less than one hundred years.
false
In what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?
Mass Proper
A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:
neumatic.
In the early Middle Ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic modes.
True
The earliest type of polyphony was:
organum
Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music.
True
Improvisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages.
True
Sumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?
Round
Troubadours and trouvères were medieval poet-musicians.
True
Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli is a ballade for three voices.
False
Josquin's sacred works do not use preexisting melodies.
False
The reform movement in the Catholic church brought about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter-Reformation.
True
What is a cantus firmus?
A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.
Of the following, which best describes the texture of the Pope Marcellus Mass?
six-voice polyphony
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
Chansons
Instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and sackbut, are categorized as:
loud
Instrumental music in the sixteenth century often did not specify its instrumentation.
True
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:
Word painting.
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?
Madrigal
Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?
ronde
The Renaissance was characterized by an increased awareness of the cultures of learned civilizations.
True
Which institution supported music in Renaissance society?
the church
the city and state
the aristocratic courts
Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular.
False
The early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance.
True
The term Dark Ages formerly referred to the time:
between 500 and 1000 c.e.
In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:
Visions that foretold the future
founding her own convent
writing religious poetry
The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:
the Mass
Organum was freely composed, with no preexisting basis.
False
For which liturgical occasion was Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix sung?
a feast day for the Virgin Mary
Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?
Hildegard of Bingen
The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is:
the sackbut
In Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called:
Minnesingers
The fourteenth century witnessed a decreased focus on secular music.
False
Although the "learned" vocal music of medieval church and court was routinely written down, much instrumental music was improvised.
True
Of the following, which is NOT a fixed poetic form?
Motet
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
A cantus firmus.
Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music?
It has fuller harmonies.
It is performed a cappella.
It has smoothly gliding lines.
How does the Renaissance motet differ from its medieval predecessor?
It had only one text in Latin.
Josquin's Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of:
a motet
Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed?
Josquin.
Which best describes the character of Farmer's Fair Phyllis?
comedy and light or pastoral and light
The text in Arcadelt's madrigal Il bianco e dolce cigno has levels of meanings, some of which are erotic.
True
The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word painting, is a hallmark of:
the madrigal
Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so special?
They brought a new level of expression to the madrigal
Where was the madrigal first developed?
Italy