conflict (Kenneth Boulding)
a situation of competition in which parties are aware of the incompatibility of potential futures positions and in which each party wishes to occupy a position that is incompatible with the wishes of the other
the devotion to the interests of one's own nation over the interests of other states. It usually involves a large group of people who share a national identity and often a language, culture, or ancestry
a policy directed at incorporating all the members of a nationality into a single polity (from the Italian for unredeemed)
penetrated political system (James Rosenau)
a political system in which non-members of the society participate in making authoritative decisions for that society (ex. US to other countries)
Bretton Wood System
post WWII economic system established to prevent extreme forms of economic nationalism
identity belonging to a group which speaks the same language, shares much of the same ancestry, and is incorporated into the same culture
Ethnocentric regimes often justify the justice of their cause by invoking collective rights based on the asserted superiority of the group in question ( who's view?)
wrote "The Clash of Civilizations" and argues that the incompatibility of absolute Truths in religious conflict create the potential of conflictual post-Cold War international relations.
a system of beliefs that explains and justifies a preferred political order, either existing or proposed, and offers a strategy (institutions, processes and programs) for its attainment.
Wrote The Leviathan and believed that "The life of a man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. Considered aggression to be part of human nature
believed aggression came from the clash of the "id" (the pleasure principle), and the "superego" (moral conscience) being resolved or not within the "ego" (reality principle)
wrote African Genesis and The Territorial Imperative. Like Raymond Dart, he believes that we are the direct evolutionary descendants of instinctual killer apes.
wrote The Naked Ape and, like Konrad Lorenz, noted that humans engage in intraspecific conflict-we kill each other, which is different from most other species which engage in interspecific conflict.
man who blamed WWI (imperialism-the highest state of capitalism) on increased competition among capitalists for decreasing numbers of markets.
frustration is caused by technology increasing at a rate faster than our ability to absorb it
the relative level of destruction caused or potentially caused by the armaments and military personnel involved
the goal of __ war is to control the enemy's territory and government --unconditional surrender
war that is often positional in character where territorial change is usually the goal. May be quite intense
terrorists demonstrate the destruction in a locality to a much wider audience through media.
"guns or butter"
this view of war holds the opinion that if the state spends money on militaries, it doesn't spend it on "people programs"
the transfer of money from military spending to increased social programs and lower taxes
the most important lessons of contemporary warfare: command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
concepts in great power thinking
the "principle of mass", "economy of force", flexible response", "projectability of force"
regimes that prevent states possessing WMD techology from transferring it to a third, usually souther state; non-possessors of the the technology foreswear future possession
the activiation of collective security provisions of the UN charter. Korean War and Persain Gulf War
the interventing of the UN forces(blue berets), once conflicting powers have agreed to cease fire and withdraw to stipulate positions
giving functional organzations such as PIUs and (IPUs) an umbrella under which to build habits of cooperation
the practive of UN intervention in a regional crisis which might escalate to a confrontation between great(nuclear) powers -- Dag Hammerskjold
consists of 5 permanent members(Britain, China, Russia, US, France) with veto power, and 10 rotating members
UN general assembly plenary sessions
occasion for heads of government of foreign ministers to exchange info and get to know one another on a personal basis
ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community)
1952, to improve steel production and end needless competetion among coal and steel producing states, west germany, france, italy, belgium, luxembourg, netherlands created this
either the process toward or the end product of the unification of soverign political entities
believed that regional insitution building must be planned, and managed so that each institution would necessitate another in order to operate (spillover effect)
Treaty of Rome
1958-created the eurropean economic community(EEC) which established a free trade zone. made a common external tariff
Single European act
1986--destroyed the remaining barriers to the free flow of goods, services, labor, and capital among the expanding membership
Treaty of Maastricht
1991--called for a common foreign and security policy as well as a european monetary union which was the forerunner of full implementation of the Euro Zone
Treaty of Nice
2001-- established standards for union expansion, leading to the present membership of 27
Council of Europe
promotes democratic and human rights as embodied as embodied in the europan convention on human rights.
European Council aka Council of European Union
composed of the heads of governments of member states and meets twice. is arguably the institution with the greatest political power