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Criminal Trial

When the government accuses someone of breaking the law by committing a crime

Civil Trial

When one person or group of people sue another for personal injury

Defensive Attorney

When the defendant is represented by a lawyer who raises doubts on the clients guilt

Prosecuting Attorney

The prosecution must provide proof that the defendant is guilty


A public official who oversees a court of law


A group of 12 individuals chosen at random who decide if the defendant is guilt or not guilty

Due process

The action of treating all people equally with the law

Innocent until proven guilty

Defendant is innocent until the prosecutor is able to show proof of his guilt.

Burden of proof

Prosecutor has to prove the guilt of the defendant. Defendant is NOT required to prove their innocence.

Reasonable doubt

The level of certainty a juror must have about whether the defendant committed a crime OR to order a guilty verdict

Beyond reasonable doubt

Proof that leaves a person firmly convinced on the defendants guilt.

Preponderance of evidence

The accuser must present believable evidence that their own facts more likely occured than the defendants


Found not guilty


Punishment for the crime, judge decides

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