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21 terms

Elements of Poetry

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Form
shape of poem, arrangements of words on page
Lines
may or may not be sentences
Stanzas
lines arranged in groups
Free verse
poems without formal structure, rhythm
Concrete
shape of poem reflects its subject
Sound
arrangements of sounds of words in poem
Onomatopoeia
words whose sounds suggest meaning
Rhyme
words that have the same ending sound
Rhythm
"beat" created by pattern of syllables
Meter
repetition of rhythmic pattern
Repetition
using sounds, words, phrases or lines
Alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds
Imagery
words or phrases that appeal to five senses
Figurative language
presents ordinary things in new, unusual ways
Similes
comparisons of things that have something in common, using "like" or "as"
Metaphors
comparison without like or as
Personification
giving human qualities to an object, animal, idea
Speaker
"voice" from whom the words come
Mood
feeling the reader has when he or she reads a poem
Tone
attitude of the poet found in language of the poem
Idiom
expression that has different meaning than meaning of individual words