Chapter 15: Section 1 North and Central African Societies
Terms in this set (47)
What type of society did the Efe live in?
a hunting-gathering society
Where do the Efe live?
Ituri Forest in the Democratic Republic of Congo
How many members do the Efe live with and who are they?
10-100 related members
Describe the shelters of the Efe
grass and brush shelters that aren't permanent
What causes the Efe to be nomadic?
search for food
What is the role of women ins Efe society?
gatherers- roots, yams, mushrooms, wild seeds
What is the role of Efe men?
What did Efe hunt in groups for?
What did Efe hunt solo for and with what weapons?
-monkeys or other small mammals
Efe add to their diet by trading _____, _________, and other forest products for _______________________________________.
honey, wild game
crops grown by nearby farmers
Who typically is the group leader and what is the role of the group leader?
-father, uncle, father-in-law
-does not give orders, but an opinion
What does a group do if a conflict cannot be settled by talking?
a family may move to a different hunting band
How is Efe life not governed?
by written formal laws
How are familys organized in many African societies?
how are members of a lineage connected?
they believe they are descendants of a common ancestor
Who are also included in a lineage?
past and future generations
How loyal are members to a lineage?
_________ _________ did not have a centralized system of power.
How is authority balanced in a stateless society?
equally among lineages
What group of southern Nigeria lived in a stateless society as early as the ninth century?
Members of a ___________ society trace their ancestors through their fathers.
In a _____________ society, children trace their ancestors through their mothers.
Who inherit land from their mother's family in a matrilineal society?
Who usually hold the positions of power in a matrilineal society?
What system allows young people to form close ties to people outside of their lineage?
What marks the passage to each new stage of life?
Do men and women have different or the same life stages?
What played a vital role in Northern Africa?
How did northern africans convert to islam?
by the sword or peacefully
the part of North Africa that is the Mediterranean coast
In the Muslim States, what was government ruled by?
What group, native to north africa, were original inhabitants of North Africa?
did the Berbers convert peacefully to Islam?
Who were the two Berber groups in northern africa?
the Almoravids and the Almohads
Who founded the Almoravid Empire and during what century?
Muslim reformers- Abd Allah Ibn Yasin during the 11th century
Another name for the part of North Africa that is the Mediterranean coast?
What was Abd Alla Ibn Yasin's brotherhood called?
What became Almoravid's capital after they conquered Morocco?
What three areas did the Almoravids conquer?
-Morocco, Ghana, southern Spain
another name for southern Spain
Who seized power from the Almoravids?
Where did the Almohads begin?
Atlas Mountains of Morocco
Who was the founder of the Almohads religiously?
What did ibn Tumart criticize the Almoravids for?
Not strictly following Islam- he urged them to strictly follow the Qur'an
Who was the first leader of the Almohads?
Abd al- Mumin
What did the almohad control by the end of the 12th century?
southern Spain, Marrakech to Tripoli and Tunis
What did the Almohad Empire break up into?