Terms in this set (54)
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
1765 - Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
1767 A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea
1770; 5 civilians who were part of a mob killed by British soldiers; depicted as a brutal slaughter in colonial newspapers
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
1773 law that allowed the British East India Company to sell directly to consumers rather than through merchants, effectively creating a monopoly for that company (which had been in financial difficulties)
1774; laws meant to punish Boston after the Tea Party; closed the harbor, created a police state, Quebec Act, and had to quarter troops in civilian homes
First Continental Congress
1774; response to Intolerable Acts; 55 men from 12 colonies meet on Philadelphia; called for complete halt in trade with Britain; important step towards independence.
Lexington and Concord
"The Shot Heard Round the World"- The first battle of the Revolution in which British general Thomas Gage went after the stockpiled weapons of the colonists in Concord, Massachusetts.
Declaration of Independence
A 1776 document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation. The Declaration of Independence was written mostly by Thomas Jefferson.
Declaration of Independence is written
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution, because the French decided to support the colonies
Battle of Yorktown
1781 American victory in Virginia that forced the British to surrender
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Treaty of Paris 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River
Taxation without Representation
Parliament taxed colonists without their consent or representation in Parliament
A group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (Boston Tea Party)
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the homefront. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.
Lawyer for the soldiers in the Boston Massacre. Helped write the Declaration of Independence. Ambassador in Europe during the American Revolution. Founding Father
Revolutionary war veteran who was the first African American elected to office
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
Mercy Otis Warren
New England woman who wrote many works. These included a history of the revolution, a play, and poems One of America's first writers.
African American Patriot who spied for the Americans during the American Revolution.
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789).
Bernado de Galvez
governor of Spanish Louisiana; helped the Patriot cause along the Mississippi River and on the western frontier; Galveston, TX was named after him
A leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies. "Give me liberty or give me death"
Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Founding father
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain.
Commander of the Continental Army. Delegate to the 2nd Continental Congress. Founding father
A free black man who was the first person killed in the Revolution at the Boston Massacre.
Jewish merchant and banker, emigrated from Poland. Financed Washington's campaign by giving interest free loans to key revolutionary leaders.
John Paul Jones
American Revolutionary War, Naval, hero and founder of the American Navy
A preference that prevents one from being impartial (Boston Massacre)
A refusal to buy or use goods and services. (Stamp Act and Townshend Act)
A complaint of injustice (Declaration of Independence)
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War
To cancel a law (Stamp Act and Townshend Act)
A human right based on nature or God ("Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" from the Declaration of Independence)
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
A government ruled by a king or queen (England)
the overthrow of a government by those who are governed
Britain's law-making assembly (England's Congress)
Ideas spread to influence public opinion (Boston Massacre)
Freedom of choice.
A formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim (France and America)
Second Continental Congress
1775: They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris 1763
ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America.
The war between Great Britain and its American colonies, 1775-83, by which the colonies won their independence.
1776: a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation