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After the Revolutions, American government was powered by...

state governments


political power is with the people, people elect officials and choose government limitations

The Revolution cause how much change for woman's rights?


By the end of the war, __% of African-Americans had gained freedom


Whites in the Northern states view on slavery was...

against slavery, but still racist

After the Revolution, Native Americans wanted...

to stay separate from the United States and to control their own land

Did Americans like Britain's idea of a "constitution"? (collection of customs and practices)


State constitutions provided...

more voting rights, annual elections, more legislature seats, bill of rights

(True or False) Americans shared the same definition of "republicanism"


The Articles of Confederation lacked giving...

congress the power to tax

Soon after the Revolutionary war, the American economy experienced...

depression, issues between creditors and debtors, closed british and american tradition

Most of the people in Shay's Rebellion of 1786 were...

Massachusetts farmers

The Confederation Congress had the most success in...

Western expansion

The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided ordered division of western land into townships of ___ , which contained ___ acres each.


The Northwest Ordinance of 1785...

provided a system of state creation, said that the area above the Ohio river should be 3,4, or 5 states, that a territory could become a state when it contained 60,000 white males, made slavery illegal in the Northwest

After the Revolution, the British...

were angry about Loyalist treatment, kept forts around the Great Lakes, attempt to ally with Vermont, and play sovereign states against one another

(true or false) In the 1780's, Spain was a good ally in securing the United States sovereignty


Nationalists saw huge problems in...

unpaid debts, social unrest's, regional rivalries, uncertain status of the west, state representation in congress, lack of central government

The Constitution writers in Philadelphia were concerned about...

how state populations should be represented in the congress

The Southern states increased their representation by...

every slave was 3/5 a person

Philadelphia delegates envision the "electoral college" which would...

keep the president from the whims of the uninformed public and the legislature

One of the most subtle but significant changes to the Constitution was...

changing the preamble to "We the People..."

The creators of the Constitution assumed that being an American citizen would be...

in the best interest of the public

The fears of anti-federalists were eased by...

a promised bill of rights, there could be an empire and personal freedom, Madison, Jay, and Hamilton in "The Federalists"

Who said "I smelt a rat in Philadelphia"

Patrick Henry

Which came first:
1. Articles of Confederation proposition
2. The Declaration of Independence


Which came first:
1. Articles of Confederation proposition
2. Treaty of Paris


Which came first:
1. Post-War depression
2. Treaty of Paris


Which came last:
1. Post- War depression
2. Land Ordinance of 1785


Which came last:
1. Shays Rebellion
2. Philadelphia Constitutional Convention


Which came first:
1. Northwest Ordinance
2. The Federalist


(true or false) By March 4, 1789, most members of the government under the new Constitution seemed eager to get started


The United States more ethnically, socially, and theologically homogeneous (same) region was...

New England

In the 1780's, many Southerners, because of revolutionary ideal...

freed their own slaves, questioned the morality of slavery, scared of competition from freed black slaves

Many sons of planters, limited by the land they could obtain migrated...

west to start new plantations

One of the first debates in Congress was about

what to say when addressing the president

The Judiciary Act of 1789...

appeased anti-federalists worried about the national court system

Alexander Hamilton financial plan included...

equal state debts, a whiskey tax, the creation of a national bank

Hamilton was supported by...

George Washington

The people who opposed Hamilton's whiskey tax were...

backcounty Pennsylvanians who didn't want to pay the tax

Jay's treaty...

got the British to abandon their northwest forts, opened trade routes in India and the Caribbean, gave the British the status of "most favored nation"

The first partisan election was between...

Adams and Jefferson in 1796

The French foreign ministers who demanded a bribe and loan from America for the privilege of talking to them were known as...

X,Y, and Z

The four acts passed in 1789 by Federalists that were against the constitution were...

The Alien and Sedation Acts

The first state to introduce the doctrine known as "nullification" was...


nullification was a...

state rights doctrine where a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress

The end of the Federalists was sealed when they...

used powerful military to stop opposition

Which came first:
1. The XYZ Affair
2. Jefferson's election


Which came first:
1. Louis XVI execution
2. Washington's first inauguration


Secretary of the Constitutional Convention, became early leader of the House, Democratic-Republican

James Madison

First Secretary of the Treasury, Federalist

Alexander Hamilton

First Secretary of State, against a national bank, Democratic-Republican

Thomas Jefferson

French ambassador who ignored Washington wish to be neutral, almost executed by guillotine

Edmond Genet

Subdued the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers

"mad" Anthony Wayne

First Chief Justice, created controversial treaty with Britain, Federalists

John Jay

Farewell address warned Americans about partisan politics, (federalist-kind of)

George Washington

Politically naive Federalist president of 1796, kept us from war

John Adams

German auctioneer, lead a Pennsylvanian revolt, convicted for treason

John Fries

Second Vice President, opposed Hamilton, defeated Adams and Burr in 1800

Thomas Jefferson

3rd Vice President of the United States. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.

Aaron Burr

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