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Chapter 7-8 APUSH

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After the Revolutions, American government was powered by...
state governments
Republicanism
political power is with the people, people elect officials and choose government limitations
The Revolution cause how much change for woman's rights?
little
By the end of the war, __% of African-Americans had gained freedom
10
Whites in the Northern states view on slavery was...
against slavery, but still racist
After the Revolution, Native Americans wanted...
to stay separate from the United States and to control their own land
Did Americans like Britain's idea of a "constitution"? (collection of customs and practices)
no
State constitutions provided...
more voting rights, annual elections, more legislature seats, bill of rights
(True or False) Americans shared the same definition of "republicanism"
false
The Articles of Confederation lacked giving...
congress the power to tax
Soon after the Revolutionary war, the American economy experienced...
depression, issues between creditors and debtors, closed british and american tradition
Most of the people in Shay's Rebellion of 1786 were...
Massachusetts farmers
The Confederation Congress had the most success in...
Western expansion
The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided ordered division of western land into townships of ___ , which contained ___ acres each.
36,640
The Northwest Ordinance of 1785...
provided a system of state creation, said that the area above the Ohio river should be 3,4, or 5 states, that a territory could become a state when it contained 60,000 white males, made slavery illegal in the Northwest
After the Revolution, the British...
were angry about Loyalist treatment, kept forts around the Great Lakes, attempt to ally with Vermont, and play sovereign states against one another
(true or false) In the 1780's, Spain was a good ally in securing the United States sovereignty
false
Nationalists saw huge problems in...
unpaid debts, social unrest's, regional rivalries, uncertain status of the west, state representation in congress, lack of central government
The Constitution writers in Philadelphia were concerned about...
how state populations should be represented in the congress
The Southern states increased their representation by...
every slave was 3/5 a person
Philadelphia delegates envision the "electoral college" which would...
keep the president from the whims of the uninformed public and the legislature
One of the most subtle but significant changes to the Constitution was...
changing the preamble to "We the People..."
The creators of the Constitution assumed that being an American citizen would be...
in the best interest of the public
The fears of anti-federalists were eased by...
a promised bill of rights, there could be an empire and personal freedom, Madison, Jay, and Hamilton in "The Federalists"
Who said "I smelt a rat in Philadelphia"
Patrick Henry
Which came first:
1. Articles of Confederation proposition
2. The Declaration of Independence
2
Which came first:
1. Articles of Confederation proposition
2. Treaty of Paris
1
Which came first:
1. Post-War depression
2. Treaty of Paris
2
Which came last:
1. Post- War depression
2. Land Ordinance of 1785
2
Which came last:
1. Shays Rebellion
2. Philadelphia Constitutional Convention
2
Which came first:
1. Northwest Ordinance
2. The Federalist
1
(true or false) By March 4, 1789, most members of the government under the new Constitution seemed eager to get started
false
The United States more ethnically, socially, and theologically homogeneous (same) region was...
New England
In the 1780's, many Southerners, because of revolutionary ideal...
freed their own slaves, questioned the morality of slavery, scared of competition from freed black slaves
Many sons of planters, limited by the land they could obtain migrated...
west to start new plantations
One of the first debates in Congress was about
what to say when addressing the president
The Judiciary Act of 1789...
appeased anti-federalists worried about the national court system
Alexander Hamilton financial plan included...
equal state debts, a whiskey tax, the creation of a national bank
Hamilton was supported by...
George Washington
The people who opposed Hamilton's whiskey tax were...
backcounty Pennsylvanians who didn't want to pay the tax
Jay's treaty...
got the British to abandon their northwest forts, opened trade routes in India and the Caribbean, gave the British the status of "most favored nation"
The first partisan election was between...
Adams and Jefferson in 1796
The French foreign ministers who demanded a bribe and loan from America for the privilege of talking to them were known as...
X,Y, and Z
The four acts passed in 1789 by Federalists that were against the constitution were...
The Alien and Sedation Acts
The first state to introduce the doctrine known as "nullification" was...
Kentucky
nullification was a...
state rights doctrine where a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
The end of the Federalists was sealed when they...
used powerful military to stop opposition
Which came first:
1. The XYZ Affair
2. Jefferson's election
1
Which came first:
1. Louis XVI execution
2. Washington's first inauguration
2
Secretary of the Constitutional Convention, became early leader of the House, Democratic-Republican
James Madison
First Secretary of the Treasury, Federalist
Alexander Hamilton
First Secretary of State, against a national bank, Democratic-Republican
Thomas Jefferson
French ambassador who ignored Washington wish to be neutral, almost executed by guillotine
Edmond Genet
Subdued the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers
"mad" Anthony Wayne
First Chief Justice, created controversial treaty with Britain, Federalists
John Jay
Farewell address warned Americans about partisan politics, (federalist-kind of)
George Washington
Politically naive Federalist president of 1796, kept us from war
John Adams
German auctioneer, lead a Pennsylvanian revolt, convicted for treason
John Fries
Second Vice President, opposed Hamilton, defeated Adams and Burr in 1800
Thomas Jefferson
3rd Vice President of the United States. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.
Aaron Burr