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22 terms

Chapter 2 Vocab Egypt

Cataract
STUDY
PLAY
Cataract
a large waterfall; any strong flood or rush of water
Akhenaton
The worlds first monotheistic religion
Dynasty
Power past on to other family members by death
Menes ( Narmer)
First pharoh of unified egypt
Tutankhamen
Boy king who ruled for 9 years
Pharaoh
ruler of ancient egypt
Hieroglyphics
System of writing for egypt
Lower Egypt
Area of eqypt located in the northern area by the delta
Hatshepsut
Female pharaoh that dressed as a king and wore the false beard
Old Kingdom
a period in egyptian history that lasted from about 2700 bc to 2200 bc
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Barter
trade
Embalming
process developed by the ancient Egyptians of preserving a person's body after death
Book of the dead
Collection of religious spells which were thought to be helpful to the deceased in the afterlife.
new kingdom
the period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
Pharaoh's family
The family of the pharaoh
Osiris
God of the dead
Ramses II
one of Egypt's greatest kings who ruled for over 60 years, conquered vast territories, and fathered over 100 children
Social Pyramid
social structure in shape of pyramid, layers representing different social statuses
re
god, ancient hawk-headed Egyptian sun god
Middle Kingdom
2050 BC. - 1800 BC.: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canal between NIle and Red Sea so Egytian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Penninsula and East Africa. Expanded Egyptian territory:Nubia, Syria.
Kush
an ancient nubian kingdom whose rulers contolled egypt between 2000 and 1000 B.C.