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smooth muscles of the posterior roof of the mouth where the uvula hangs & helps close off the nasopharynx when swallowing to prevent food from getting in
moves up during swallowing to allow food into the pharynx and moves down to cover the larynx to keep food out of the airway
lowest portion of the pharynx, connects with both the esophagus(food tube) and the larynx (voice box) it is a passageway for food & air
J-shaped, below diaphragm, connected to the esophagus and small intestine, it is a mixing/holding chamber
approximately 5 feet long absorbs large amounts of water, forms and expulses fecal matter, goes from the cecum where the appendix is attached, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum
From the rectum
to the anal canal, to the internal anal sphincter (involuntary), to the external anal sphincter (voluntary) to the anus
3 pairs of salivary glands
secretes saliva into the oral cavity are the parotid (near the ear), submandibular (floor of the mouth), and sublingual (under the tongue)
manipulates food during chewing and the lingual frenulum underneath limits posterior movement
crown, neck, root, enamel, dentin, gingiva, pulp, cemetum, root canal, alveolar bone, peridontal ligament
located behind the stomach secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine duodenum via the pancreatic duct
inferior to the diaphragm, aids in emulsification by producing bile that helps break down lipids, has two lobes: larger right lobe-falciform ligament and the smaller left lobe
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