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32 terms

Gram Positive Bacilli of Medical Importance

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GP Bacilli
Only bacteria that form endospores.
Clostridium
This GP bacilli genus is a produces endospores under anaerobic conditions.
pulmonary
This type of anthrax has a 50/50 survival rate
capsules, endospores, exotoxin
3 virulence factors of B. anthracis. (CEE)
C. perfringens
GP Bacillus; causes myonecrosis (gas gangrene).
Clostridium botulinum
The most powerful microbial toxin known.
L. monocytogenes
GP bacillus, not self-limiting because it's intracellular. 20% death rate.
Flagella, avoids humoral immune system, resistant to all extremes
3 virulence factors of Listeria monocytogenes.
Listeria monocytogenes
GP bacillus, doesn't form endospores, associated mostly with deli meats.
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae RHUS
GP bacillus that causes Erysopeloid.
GP, acid fast
How are Mycobacterium bacilli characterized?
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Filamentous psudomembrane of the pharynx forms first. Causes toxemia, inflammation of heart muscle, nerve endings.
droplets, fomites, contaminated milk
Three ways that Croynebacterium diphtheriae can be transmitted.
attachment & growth factors
Two virulence factors of Corynebacterium diphtheria are __________ and ______ factors
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
GP bacillus that is zoonotic, cutaneous only and causes swollen, dark red lesions that burn and itch.
Propionibacterium
Genus of the GP bacillus that causes acne.
Mantoux skin test
Tuberculosis is tested by the _______ skin test.
Primary
Type of tuberculosis that causes immediate infection.
Secondary
Tuberculosis with gradual increase of symptoms caused by dormant cells.
Extra-pulmonary
Tuberculosis that's escaped the lungs and has the highest fatality rate.
fine droplets of mucus inhaled
Tuberculosis is spread from person to person how?
aerobe
Mycobacterium is a GP/GN bacillus that is acid-fast and is a strict _______.
saprobes
Many mycobacterium are ________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
GP bacillus that forms a "fortress" around itself with complex cords and waxes.
hijacked swollen macrophages
What is the outer protective layer of Mycobacterium tuberculosis made of?
Mycobacterium leprae
GP bacillus; strict parasite, slowest growing, treatment depends on type you have.
tuberculoid
Type of mycobacterium leprae that presents with shallow skin lesions and is easily treated.
leprotamous
type of leprosy that causes disfiguration due to bacteria growing in macrophages in cooler body regions.
borderline
type of leprosy that results in loss of feet or hands (neurologic complications)
Actinomycetes israeli
GP filamentous bacillus that has a role in dental caries.
Actinomycosis
Genus of GP filamentous bacillus that resides in the oral cavity, tonsils or intestine and can infect cervico-facial, thoracic or abdominal region.
Nocardia brasiliensis
GP filamentous bacillus that causes symptoms similar to TB.