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18 terms

North Africa and Southwest Asia Geography

Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia
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Sahara Desert
The largest "hot desert" in the world.
Islam
The major religion in much of the Middle East.
Arabic
The major language in much of the Middle East.
Maghreb
In Arabic it means "western" or "the land farther west."
oasis
An isolated area of vegetation in the desert, typically surrounding a spring or other water source.
aquifer
An underground rock layer that stores water which can be taken out using a well.
population density
A measurement of population per unit area, for example, the number of people in a square mile.
indigenous
An ethnic group of people originating from an area, native.
Berber
The indigenous people of North Africa west of the Nile.
Cairo
The capital of Egypt.
Suez Canal
The major canal in Egypt between the Red Sea and Mediterranean.
sanctions
Penalties applied by one country or group of countries to another country.
arable
Land fit for growing crops.
Mesopotamia
An ancient civilization that means "between rivers."
alluvial plain
A flat landform created by the deposit of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers.
kibbutz
Collective farming settlements in Israel.
Dead Sea
The salt lake between Israel and Jordan that is the lowest point of dry land on Earth.
Nile River
The longest river in the world, located in Egypt.